Jennifer Ellison Brown: The digestive and absorptive system

first_img Digestion Digestion and absorption requires a large volume of blood in the capillaries in the walls of the intestine. If exercise is done too soon after eating, blood is moved from the digestive process to working muscles and the food is left undigested. It is important to keep physical activity to a minimum after eating. Generally, it is best to avoid exercising until at least three hours after a meal. By that time, the food would have entered the small intestine, where it passes quickly into the bloodstream and is stored around the body, ready to be converted to energy during physical activity. Digestion and exercise Digestion is the breakdown of food into simpler molecules (nutrients), which can be absorbed into the bloodstream and used by the cells of the body. The process begins in the mouth, where the food is chewed into smaller pieces and mixes with saliva that contains the digestive enzyme amylase. Amylase digests starch (e.g. bread, rice, pasta, yam, etc.). After chewing, the food is swallowed into the oesophagus, which leads to the stomach. Food moves through the oesophagus by a process called peristalsis, whereby muscles automatically contract, producing rhythmic waves. When food reaches the stomach, it is mixed with a number of acidic substances, collectively called gastric juices. This gastric juice kills any harmful bacteria that may have been ingested with the food. Some nutrients and water contained in the food are absorbed into the bloodstream. The enzyme pepsin starts the breakdown of protein. Food stays in the stomach for about two and a half hours, where it is churned into a liquefied state to form chyme. The chyme is released in small amounts into the first part of the small intestine, the duodenum. In the duodenum, a number of enzymes produced by the gall bladder, the liver and the pancreas are mixed with the food. The gall bladder stores bile, which neutralises the acid leaving the stomach. Bile also helps to break down fats in the small intestine. The liver produces bile, which also helps with the breakdown of carbohydrates and protein. It also acts as a filter, maintaining the balance of nutrients in the blood. The pancreas produces insulin and other enzymes, which help with the digestion of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. The end products of digestion (glucose, amino acids and fatty acids), along with minerals, vitamins and water are absorbed into the blood stream by hair-like projections (villi) on the inner surface. All the nutrients absorbed from the small intestine is carried to the liver first. The level of nutrients in the blood is adjusted to the best levels for the body to function. Excess glucose is converted to glycogen and fat. Glycogen is stored in the liver and muscles and fat is stored all over the body, but particularly beneath the skin. Excess fatty acid is also converted to fat, while excess amino acid is converted to glucose and the toxic waste urea. Urea is eventually excreted by the kidney. If glucose and fatty acids are in short supply, the liver reverses the processes described above and releases glucose from the glycogen stores and fatty acids from the fat stores. The body cannot store protein. Therefore, if amino acids are in short supply, the liver cannot produce more. After the liver has adjusted the amount of nutrients to the correct level in the blood, they pass on around the body. Glucose and fatty acids are used as energy sources. Amino acids are used to make the proteins necessary for growth and the repair of tissues; e.g. muscle tissue or as a source of energy, if necessary. The remaining undigested food passes into the large intestine (colon), where water is reabsorbed and the undigested food moves to the rectum and eventually passed out the anus as faeces. The digestive and absorptive system consists of the alimentary canal (mouth, oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus), salivary glands, the pancreas, the liver and the associated blood vessels.last_img read more

Juventus to beat Premier League duo to signature of World Cup winner

first_img Sami Khedira 1 Juventus will beat Chelsea and Manchester United to the signing of Sami Khedira, reports in Italy have revealed.The Real Madrid midfield powerhouse is out of contract next month and the German international’s representatives will meet with the Italian champions on Wednesday to thrash out a deal.The news comes as a blow to Blues boss Jose Mourinho, who had been keen to sign the 28-year-old for a second time, having previously brought the midfielder during his time in charge at Real.Sport Mediaset is reporting Massimiliano Allegri is willing to offer Khedira £3m-a-year on a three-year deal to tempt the former Stuttgart man to the Juventus Stadium, instead of the Premier League.Khedira has been frozen out of first-team action at the Santiago Bernabeu this season and made only 11 appearances in La Liga.last_img read more

Divorce case could open firm’s books

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWalnut’s Malik Khouzam voted Southern California Boys Athlete of the Week160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! One of the nation’s largest money managers, with assets totaling more than $1 trillion, is attempting to limit access in a divorce case involving one of its executives because it doesn’t want its financial records made public. The Capital Group Cos. wants a judge to seal exhibits, transcripts and other materials in the divorce of Timothy Armour, 45, and his wife, Nina Ritter, so they won’t become public during the trial, which is expected to begin today. Armour, a member of the company’s board of trustees, joined Capital Group in 1983. The company filed its motion Friday in Superior Court. The request is unusual in divorce cases because third parties aren’t usually interested in matters between squabbling couples. “Based on what I know, there is no basis to close this trial to the public,” said Susan Seager, a Los Angeles attorney who specializes in First Amendment cases. “Divorce is the ultimate two-party case.” Capital Group’s American assets, at more than $750 billion, qualify it as one of the three largest mutual fund families in the United States. Its request is similar to one made by billionaire investor Ron Burkle, who is also seeking to keep his financial records sealed as he and his wife divorce. Burkle’s case was dealt a setback last March when a Superior Court judge struck down a California law allowing divorce records to be sealed. Burkle is appealing. In its request, Los Angeles-based Capital Group cited a rarely used section of the state’s family code that says a courtroom can be closed to the public “in the interests of justice and the persons involved.” That law is generally used when there are sensitive issues involving children, Seager said. Attorney Dennis Wasser, who represents Ritter, declined to comment about Capital Group’s involvement. A phone message left for the outside counsel that will be representing Capital was not returned. At stake in the divorce trial is at least half of the company shares the two hold in a family trust they created in 1991, according to Ritter, who believes the stock could be worth tens of millions of dollars. “I want to hold on to the stock,” Ritter told The Associated Press. “They have made it clear that they will in fact redeem my half of the stock from me if I get divorced.” Privately held Capital doesn’t reveal the value of its shares and doesn’t allow relatives of employees to own stock without the company’s permission. The company will offer stock to employees for their “long-term contributions,” Ritter said. The couple has accumulated stock since 1989. In a lawsuit Capital brought against Armour and Ritter in Delaware, the court ruled the company had the right to impose restrictions on stock transfers. In its March ruling, the court determined that Ritter signed several documents acknowledging the restrictions applied. Ritter said she believes the divorce trial should be between just her and her husband. “I feel that a private corporation doesn’t have any right to come in and interfere in our matters,” said Ritter. The couple married in 1984 and has three children. “I don’t really want to air this in public, but Capital shouldn’t be the one to determine the outcome of our case,” she said. – Associated Presslast_img read more

Santa Clarita Calendar

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWalnut’s Malik Khouzam voted Southern California Boys Athlete of the Week160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! WEDNESDAY Business Marketing Basics workshop, 9-11 a.m. at the Women’s Business Center, 28460 Avenue Stanford, Suite 100, Valencia. Call (661) 702-9049 to reserve a spot. Advances in Radiation Therapy will be discussed, 1-2 p.m. at the SCV Senior Center, 22900 Market St., Newhall. Call (661) 253-8017. Adult workshop will discuss How to Break into the Entertainment Industry, 6 p.m. at the Canyon Country Jo Anne Darcy Library, 18601 Soledad Canyon Road, Canyon Country. Call (661) 251-2720. Candidate Academy Part 2, 6:30-8:30 p.m. at the SCV Chamber of Commerce, 28460 Avenue Stanford, Suite 100, Valencia. Cost: $20 for both nights. Call (661) 702-6977. Parents Without Partners will hold an orientation, 7-7:30 p.m., and a discussion, 7:30-8:30 p.m. at 25352 Via Palacio, Valencia. Call (661) 253-1301. Canyon Country Advisory Committee will meet, 7-9 p.m. at the Santa Clarita Sports Complex, 20880 Centre Pointe Parkway, Canyon Country. Call (661) 252-8852. Artists Helping Artists (Aha!) workshop, 7:30 p.m. at Barnes & Noble, 23630 Valencia Blvd., Valencia. Call Trish Lester at (661) 254-1242. Santa Clarita Sunrise Rotary Club will meet, 7:10 a.m. at IHOP, 24737 W. Pico Canyon Road, Stevenson Ranch. Call (661) 250-1023. Santa Clarita Valley Rotary Club will meet, 12:10 p.m. at Marie Callender’s, 27630 The Old Road, Valencia. Call (661) 259-7701. Santa Clarita Valley-Newhall Optimist Club will meet, 7 p.m. at La Rumba, 27600 Bouquet Canyon Road, Saugus. Call (661) 252-7313. Toastmasters will meet, 7 p.m. at the Sierra Hills clubhouse, 28616 Kenroy Ave., Canyon Country. Call Desiree Nascimento at (800) 858-4749, Ext. 114. Valencia Toastmasters will meet, 7 p.m. Call Kim Dickens at (661) 259-8567 or visit www.valenciatoastmasters.org for location. Basic & Advanced Coastal Navigation class will be presented, 7-9 p.m. at Our Lady of Perpetual Help School, 23233 Lyons Ave., Newhall. Call (661) 298-8725 or (661) 259-7201. SCV Underwater Hockey group will play, 8-9 p.m. at the Santa Clarita Aquatics Center, 20850 Centre Pointe Parkway, Canyon Country. Cost: $3. Call Ben Jarvis at (661) 510-2665. Special Olympics offers athletic training and competition for athletes with learning disabilities during the evenings at various locations in Santa Clarita. New athletes or volunteer coaches can call (661) 253-2121. THURSDAY Free meditation seminar, 4-5:30 p.m. in Room L-105 at College of the Canyons, 26455 Rockwell Canyon Road, Valencia. Call Sheri Barke at (661) 362-3244. Groundbreaking for the Laboratory Expansion Project, 10 a.m. at College of the Canyons, 26455 Rockwell Canyon Road, Valencia. Santa Clarita Embroiderers’ Guild general meeting, 6:30-9 p.m. at Parklane Mobile Estates West Recreation Room, 20401 Soledad Canyon Road, Canyon Country. Call Diane Stone at (661) 252-3468. Santa Clarita Corvette Club social meeting, 6:30 p.m. at Route 66 Classic Grill, 18730 Soledad Canyon Road, Canyon Country. Call (661) 298-1494. Nonaerobic workout in a heated pool for joint and muscle conditioning, 9 a.m. at the Santa Clarita Valley Family YMCA, 26147 McBean Parkway, Valencia. Call (661) 253-3593. Santa Clarita Noon Kiwanis Club will meet, noon-1:30 p.m. at El Torito, 27510 The Old Road, Valencia. Call Janie Choate at (661) 296-8260. Old Town Farmers Market, 4-8 p.m. at 29222 San Fernando Road, Newhall. Call Jenny Aurit at (661) 255-4347. Youth Chess Club will meet, 5:30-8 p.m. at 25864-G Tournament Road, Valencia. Call Jay Stallings at (661) 288-1705. Evening Kiwanis Club will meet, 6:15 p.m. at Mulligan’s, 25848 Tournament Road, Valencia. Call Amy Spencer at (661) 255-6714. Santa Clarita Runners Club will meet for tempo runs, 6:15 p.m. Call (661) 294-0821 or visit www.scrunners.org for location. FRIDAY Author John Hicks will read and sign his new book, “The Ghost of Fire Company 18,” 7 p.m. at Borders Books & Music, 24445 Town Center Drive, Valencia. Call (661) 286-1131. North Los Angeles County Transportation Forum will meet, 11:30 a.m.-2 p.m. at the Hyatt Valencia, 24500 Town Center Drive, Valencia. Call (661) 775-0455. Karaoke night, 6:30-9:30 at Vincenzo’s, 24504 1/2 Lyons Ave., Newhall. Call (661) 259-6733. SATURDAY Make A Difference Day community volunteer event, throughout the day at various nonprofit locations. Call (661) 250-3720 to volunteer. Peer Counselor training, 9 a.m.-noon at the SCV Senior Center, 22900 Market St., Newhall. Cost: $10. Call (661) 259-9444. Disney Story Time, 10 a.m. at Barnes & Noble, 23630 Valencia Blvd., Valencia. Call (661) 254-6604. Boxer adoption event, 11 a.m.-3 p.m. at Starpups Depot, 25818 Hemingway Ave., Stevenson Ranch. Call (661) 255-2208. Grand Opening, 1 p.m. at Paul Kim’s Black Belt Academy, 29487 The Old Road, Suite C3, Castaic. Call Valerie at (661) 295-5511. Choral Department kids’ clinic, 1-4 p.m. in the Hart Auditorium at Hart High School, 24825 N. Newhall Ave., Newhall. Call (661) 259-7575. Santa Clarita Runners Club will meet for a morning run, 7 o’clock in the parking lot at Starbucks, 26415 Bouquet Canyon Road, Valencia. Call (661) 294-0821 or visit www.scrunners.org. Free wellness workshop will present research about stubborn weight, fatigue and hormone imbalance, 10-11:30 a.m. at the office of Dr. Larry Cart, 24868 Apple St., Suite 101, Newhall. Call (661) 284-6233. Saugus train station will be open, 1-4 p.m. at Heritage Junction in William S. Hart Park, 24151 Newhall Ave. Call (661) 254-1275. Animal show, 1 p.m. at Placerita Canyon Nature Center, 19152 Placerita Canyon Road, Newhall. Free. Call (661) 259-7721. Karaoke night, 8 o’clock at VFW Post 6885, 16208 Sierra Highway, Canyon Country. Call (661) 252-6885. Special Olympics offers athletic training and competition for athletes with learning disabilities, throughout the day at various locations in Santa Clarita. New athletes or volunteer coaches can call (661) 253-2121. SUNDAY Open Casting Call for a new reality show featuring Santa Clarita residents, 9 a.m.-6 p.m. at Santa Clarita Studios, 25149 Anza Drive, Valencia. Junior Rangers will meet, 2-4 p.m. at Placerita Canyon Nature Center, 19152 Placerita Canyon Road, Newhall. Call (661) 259-7721. Santa Clarita Runners Club will meet for marathon training, 6:30 a.m. in the parking lot at Granary Square, 25930 McBean Parkway, Valencia. Call (661) 294-0821 or visit www.scrunners.org. Bingo will be played, 10:30 a.m. at Mint Canyon Moose Lodge, 18000 W. Sierra Highway, Canyon Country. Call (661) 252-7222. Saugus train station will be open, 1-4 p.m. at Heritage Junction in William S. Hart Park, 24151 Newhall Ave., Newhall. Call (661) 254-1275. Music jam session, 2 p.m. at Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 6885, 16208 Sierra Highway, Canyon Country. Local musicians welcome. Call (661) 252-6885. MONDAY Special Olympics offers golf lessons to athletes with learning disabilities, evenings at Vista Valencia Golf Course, 24700 W. Trevino Drive, Valencia. New athletes or volunteer coaches can call (661) 253-2121. TUESDAY Santa Clarita Valley Macintosh User’s Group will meet, 7 p.m. at Rogers Systems, 25030 W. Avenue Tibbetts, Valencia. Call (661) 250-4149. Lions Club-Castaic will meet, 7:15 p.m. at Marie Callender’s, 27630 The Old Road, Valencia. Call (661) 294-8677. Nonaerobic workout in a heated pool for joint and muscle conditioning, 9 a.m. at the Santa Clarita Valley Family YMCA, 26147 McBean Parkway, Valencia. Call (661) 253-3593. Santa Clarita Runners Club will work out, 6:15 p.m. at the College of the Canyons track, 26455 N. Rockwell Road, Valencia. Call (661) 294-0821 or visit www.scrunners.org. Sierra Hillbillies Square Dance Club will offer an intermediate class, 7-9 p.m. in Rooms A1 and 2 at the SCV Senior Center, 22900 Market St., Newhall. Call (661) 252-2210 or (661) 255-0463. Barbershop Harmony Singers will rehearse, 7:30-10 p.m. in the multipurpose room at Valley Oaks Village Apartments, 24700 Valley St., Newhall. Call (661) 259-6109 for security-door information. To submit an event for the Daily News calendar, contact Sharon Cotal two weeks prior to the event at (661) 257-5256, fax her at (661) 257-5262, e-mail her at sharon.cotal@dailynews.com or write to her at 24800 Avenue Rockefeller, Valencia, CA 91355.last_img read more

Cranes beef up preparations

first_img Tags: Allan katereggaUganda Cranes some of the players a turned up for training on Wednesday (Photo by Tebandeke Rachael)Up coming cranes international build ups .Monday, 28th Niger vs Uganda.Saturday, 2nd June , Central Africa vs Uganda.The Uganda National foot ball team, the Cranes started preparations ahead of the upcoming camp in Niger on Tuesday morning at startimes stadium in Lugogo.The trainings are to help them build up on the two matches between Niger and Central Africa Republic.Only six foreign based players attended training on the first day and these include Hassan Wasswa and Isaac Muleme from Egypt, Salim Jamal from Sudan, Murushid Juuko from Tanzania, Khalid Aucho from India and Allan Kateregga from South Africa.On Wednesday they were joined by KCCA’s Charles Lukwago and William Kizito.Hassan Wasswa (left) and Isaac Muleme (right) in training on Wedsnesday. (Photo by Tebandeke Racheal)Allan Kateregga who was summoned by the head coach was all smiles after being called for national duty.“I’m very happy and privileged to be called for international duty and take the call with both hands, said Kateregga.The team continues training on Thursday with early morning sessions at Lugogo.More foreign based players are expected to be part for Thursday session.The team is also expected to depart on Saturday night ahead of Tuesdays opening match.The two international build ups are part of the preparations for the AFCON 2019 qualifiers that resume in September 2018.The Team summoned:Goalkeepers: Denis Onyango (Mamelodi Sundons), Charles Lukwago (KCCA) and Salim Jamal Magola (Al Merreikh).Defenders: Denis Iguma (Al Nabi Shayth), Nicholas Wadada (Vipers), Murushid Jjuuko (Simba SC), Bevis Mugabi (Yeovil Town), TimothyAwanyi (KCCA), Isaac Muleme (Assiouty) and Godffrey Walusimbi (Gor Mahia).Midfielders: Joseph Ochaya (Lusaka Dynamos), Hassan Wasswa (El Geish), Khalid Aucho (East Bengal), Tadeo Lwanga (Vipers, Milton Karisa (Vipers), Allan Kateregga (Cape Town City), Farooq Miya (Standard Liege), Moses Opondo (Vendsyssel).Forward: Yunus Ssentamu (Tirana), Emmanuel Okwi (Simba), Edrisa Lubega (Floridsdorfer AC), Shaban Muhammad (KCCA).Comments last_img read more

Mandela Day to focus on tackling poverty

first_imgAction against Poverty is this year’s theme for Nelson Mandela International Day and South Africans are being encouraged to work together to uproot poverty.Brand South Africa’s Keineloe Phakathi, Nelson Mandela Foundation chief executive, Sello Hatang, Brand South Africa’s stakeholder relationship manager, Thoko Modise, and Play Your Part ambassador, Neo Mafokwane, were all guests at the Nelson Mandela International Day launch held in Johannesburg. (Images Melissa Javan)Melissa JavanFor this year’s Nelson Mandela International Day, South Africans are being called to work together to uproot poverty in the country. This was the main message at the Mandela Day launch held at Constitution Hill, Johannesburg, on Wednesday, 10 May. The launch fell on the same date as Madiba’s presidential inauguration in 1994.By launching with the theme “Action against Poverty” for this year’s Mandela Day, the Nelson Mandela Foundation firmly believes it is possible to rid the country of this scourge.According to the foundation’s chief executive, Sello Hatang, Mandela Day has grown quickly since its first year. In 2009, it was launched in two cities – Johannesburg and New York. “We had about ten activations then. Now we have 146 countries participating in Nelson Mandela International Day and we have over a million activations all over the world.”Sandiso Sibisi, one of the Play Your Part ambassadors, also attended the event.In November 2009, the United Nations (UN) General Assembly declared 18 July – the day Madiba was born – Nelson Mandela International Day. This was in recognition of the former statesman’s contribution to the culture of peace and freedom.On this day every year, people all over the world join the call to devote 67 minutes of time to helping others.“For 67 years Nelson Mandela devoted his life to the service of humanity — as a human rights lawyer, a prisoner of conscience, an international peacemaker and the first democratically elected president of South Africa,” says the UN on their official website.Watch how one organisation celebrated Mandela Day a few years ago:Poverty affects children’s wellbeingHatang said 63% of South African children live in poverty. This, he explained, affects their cognitive, physical and emotional being.He added that there are one in five people living in extreme poverty in the country. He encouraged all South Africans to continue to take action against it.Quoting another great leader, Mahatma Gandhi, Hatang said: “May you be the change you would like to see in the future.”“Use your talents, skills”Gerry Rantseli-Elsdon, an international humanitarian and former media personality who spoke at the launch, said we can change our country from the inside out by giving what we already have. She added that people should use their skills and talents to help others.The country needs to come together and tackle the burden of uprooting poverty, unemployment and inequality. #ActionAgainstPoverty pic.twitter.com/ldZ3QygjDO— Play Your Part (@PlayYourPartSA) May 10, 2017Elsdon, who was diagnosed with tuberculosis (TB) 15 years ago, called on others to visit children who are hospitalised because of TB. She suggested keeping the children stimulated, especially by reading books to them.After her own battle with the disease, Elsdon looked for support to build awareness on TB. She learnt that those willing to help were not celebrities, but ordinary people. “I realised that if they could do something, so can I. They were volunteers. Giving of yourself changes not only your life but the lives of others.”“It is possible to uproot poverty”Dr Mamphela Ramphele, a politician, medical doctor and former activist, is on the board of trustees on the Nelson Mandela Foundation. She called on all South Africans to uproot poverty together.Former political activist, medical doctor and politician, Mamphela Ramphele, said South Africans should work together to liberate everyone and uproot poverty.Ramphele, who is on the board of trustees at the foundation, said we should follow the values of the Constitution and use it as a guide. To her, what’s missing in South Africa is the political will to uproot poverty and empathy for each other. “We need healing to unleash empathy, to uproot poverty, to make poverty history.“We as a foundation believe it is possible [to get rid of poverty]. We have done much more difficult things we didn’t think we could do. We can do this,” she said.Safety of women an issue in townshipsThe Soul City Institute, a social justice organisation, held a dialogue to discuss safety of women who make use of taxis.The campaign #SafeTaxisNow was created for the month of May. The discussion revealed that a national safe taxi charter will be drafted, which will speak about, among other concerns, every woman’s right to know her taxi driver.It was also said that the month-long campaign will organise self-defence classes for women and awareness events to talk about their rights.Here are some of the messages shared on Twitter about the dialogue:“taxi drivers see us as little girls who are vulnerable and they can take advantage of us” #NelsonMandelaDay #SafeTaxisNow pic.twitter.com/Skv7dX5Q9r— Soul City Institute (@SoulCity_SA) May 10, 2017“we don’t have a choice but to use taxis because they remain the cheapest option for most people”‘ @simamkeleD #NelsonMandelaDay— Soul City Institute (@SoulCity_SA) May 10, 2017There needs to be a social costs for perpetrators. They need to be held accountable #SafeTaxisNow #MandelaDay pic.twitter.com/iXKUChA8uv— Soul City Institute (@SoulCity_SA) May 10, 2017There needs to be a social costs for perpetrators. They need to be held accountable #SafeTaxisNow #MandelaDay pic.twitter.com/iXKUChA8uv— Soul City Institute (@SoulCity_SA) May 10, 2017If you would like to know more about Mandela Day, visit the site here.Sources: Nelson Mandela Foundation, Mandela Day, United Nations and the Soul City Institute.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa materiallast_img read more

Lady Liberty rides to the rescue

first_imgSamantha N. Ngcolomba is an attorney who has a deep-seated desire to secure justice for South Africa’s most vulnerable women. (Images: Redbull Amaphiko)Women in rural communities have a new law hero and she goes by the name of Lady Liberty.Lady Liberty, founded by attorney Samantha Ngcolomba, a human rights lawyer based in Johannesburg, travels to poor and remote communities with a mobile office to provide pro bono legal information and services to women.The office focuses on domestic violence, namely getting protection orders; marriage, namely customary vs civil; and divorce, namely process, asset distribution, maintenance and children’s rights. It will add wills, housing and labour law to its services soon.Lady Liberty’s impact so far.“Any law that doesn’t work for the people it’s intended for, is as useless as medicine locked up in a cupboard while people needing it suffer,” Ngcolomba told Redbull Amaphiko, a platform for social change makers.Lady Liberty uses social, print and broadcast media to find women who need its services, and to raise awareness of what it offers. At the identified communities, a half-an-hour presentation of relevant topics is held and the floor is opened for questions.Then, the office takes on new and pending cases for resolution on behalf of women who qualify for pro bono assistance.The programmes vision is to have an app for smartphones that will extend the reach of their legal services and information. Watch Ngcolomba talk about Lady Liberty:You can contact Lady Liberty on 076 520 1377.PLAY YOUR PARTAre you playing your part in developing South Africa and its citizens? Do you know anybody who is going out of their way to participate in the development of South Africa and its people?If so, submit your story or video to our website and let us know what you are doing to improve the country for all.last_img read more

5 killed as train derails in U.P.

first_imgAt least five people were killed and four seriously injured after nine coaches and the engine of the New Delhi-bound New Farakka Express (train number 14003) derailed near Rae Bareli at 6 a.m. on Wednesday. The express runs between Malda town in West Bengal and New Delhi. According to railway officials, all the deceased were from Bihar. They were identified as Ajay Kumar, 45, of Kishanganj; Sunita Manjhi, 52, of Munger, her son Shambhu, 25, and his one-year-old daughter Rita. The fifth casualty was seven-year-old Dinesh, also from Munger.NDRF and SDRF teams pulled out 20 passengers from the derailed coaches, the police said, after using gas cutters to reach them. Drones and long-range cameras were deployed in the rescue work, they added.Railway Minister Piyush Goyal has ordered an inquiry into the accident, which took place in the Harchandpur area of Rae Bareli. The inquiry will be conducted by the Commission of Railway Safety, Northern Circle. A special train, which was arranged for the stranded passengers, left Lucknow for New Delhi at 2.45 p.m. with 1,369 passengers.Ex gratia announcedPrime Minister Narendra Modi expressed his grief over the tragedy. “Condolences to the bereaved families and I pray that the injured recover quickly,” he tweeted.Mr. Goyal announced compensation of ₹5 lakh for the kin of the dead, ₹1 lakh for the injured and ₹50,000 for those with minor injuries. Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath also announced ₹2 lakh for the families of the deceased and ₹50,000 for those seriously injured.(With inputs from PTI)last_img read more

E.U. Court Annuls GM Potato Approval

first_imgThe General Court of the European Union has annulled the authorization to grow and sell a genetically modified (GM) potato called Amflora in the European Union.The court’s ruling will have no effect on the potato’s cultivation or sale, since Amflora’s manufacturer, BASF Plant Science, withdrew from the European market last year. But the judgment, issued today in Luxembourg, deals a blow to the European Commission and may have an impact on the approval of a GM maize variety, which the commission tried to drive forward last month after a lengthy deadlock.The Amflora potato is engineered to produce one particular type of starch that can be used to make paper pulp or glue, or to produce animal feed. It is also resistant to some antibiotics of the aminoglycoside family, which the World Health Organization deems important for human and animal health.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)In 2005, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) said that Amflora was safe for human health and the environment. Based on this advice, the commission issued a draft decision to authorize the crop but member states did not sign off on it.  GM crops remain controversial in Europe, where national attitudes range from completely opposed to cautiously accepting.The commission requested another scientific opinion to clear out doubts; EFSA confirmed in 2009 that Amflora was safe, although two experts cited concerns about the possible transfer of the antibiotic resistance gene from the crop to bacteria.Based on EFSA’s “consolidated opinion,” the commission authorized Amflora in March 2010—but without first submitting the decision to the relevant committee of member states’ representatives. Hungary challenged that decision in court, with support from Austria, France, Luxembourg, and Poland.The court has now ruled in Hungary’s favor, saying the commission broke the rules: The scientific basis for the decision had changed, and member states should have been able to consider the amended proposal.This setback for the commission comes hot on the heels of censure from the court last month for sitting too long on a similar file for the authorization of Pioneer’s GM maize 1507.Greenpeace European Unit (EU) and other environmental groups welcomed today’s ruling, and called on the commission to withdraw its proposal to approve maize 1507. According to Marco Contiero, Greenpeace’s agriculture policy director in Brussels, the commission made the same mistake in both instances: It did not allow the member states’ committee to vote on its proposal after EFSA updated its scientific opinions. “The commission should think twice and not rush things through just because the [political] climate seems a bit better,” Contiero says.A commission spokesman says its legal services will analyze the ruling and its possible consequences, acknowledging that today’s judgment could have an impact on the pending maize 1507 file.Meanwhile, Peter Eckes, president of BASF Plant Science in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, says the ruling confirms that the company was right to abandon the European market. “The court’s ruling once again shows that BASF took the right decision in January 2012 to focus its plant biotechnology activities on promising markets” in America and Asia, Eckes tells ScienceInsider in an e-mail statement, adding that the judgment had no bearing on the scientific evaluation of Amflora.last_img read more

Decoding Virat Kohli’s chasing prowess: A cool mind and plenty of belief

first_img“I know teams want to get me out immediately, so I take my time, go with the flow and then attack at the end. For that you need to play percentage cricket and I know I can play good cricketing shots and still get runs.”That was Virat Kohli, speaking at the post-match presentation ceremony, after he had picked up another man-of-the-match award thanks to an unbeaten 154 against New Zealand late last year.It wasn’t of course Kohli’s first hundred in a chase. In nine years as an India cricketer, Kohli has scored 18 hundreds in run-chases, a record. Sixteen of those hundreds have come in successful run-chases.The legend of Virat Kohli continues to grow every day. He has been spectacular in all three formats and has been inspirational as captain. But it is his chasing prowess and incredible consistency in the second innings of one-day internationals that has left the cricketing world awestruck.There is a sense of inevtibility with Kohli in the middle and India chasing down totals. He has stood out in several run-chases – Australia and Sri Lanka, New Zealand and Pakistan – have been witness to some mind-numbing stroke-play.(Reuters Photo)Kohli’s overall records are staggering but his numbers in successul run-chases are scary.At 28, he is only the third batsman after Sachin Tendulkar and Ricky Ponting to aggregate over 4000 runs while chasing. He averages well over 100 and besides 18 hundreds, has two scores in the 90s, six in the 80s (including the unbeaten 82 against Sri Lanka at Dambulla on Sunday), five in the 70s, three in the 60s, two in the 50s and 16 scores between 20s and 40s.advertisementKohli’s supremacy is easy to get used to but for a generation which has grown up anguishing over the harakiri by star India batsmen messing up seemingly easy run-chases, the Delhi dasher’s consistency is refreshing despite a decade of excellence.Of course, it is true that Kohli has matured over the years. He started off as a 19-year-old but has gradually grown as a batsman.By his own admission, Kohli often tried to play out of his skin and got too carried away. “But then understood that if I time the ball well enough and work the gaps, I can get more purchase out of my strokes.That’s the feedback from the team members as well. If a bowler can bowl in consistent areas and be a good bowler, a batsman can keep things simple and be a good batsman and be consistent as well,” he had said after that sensational knock against the Black Caps.Some critics might point out that Kohli has sometimes been found wanting on the big stage – the Champions Trophy final against Pakistan was once such instance. But he has more often than not, played sizzling knocks to show what he’s worth.(Reuters Photo)After a classic helped India overwhelm Australia in the World T20 last year, Sourav Ganguly said the young man was the greatest chaser by far – greater than the greatest of them all – Sachin Tendulkar.”Kohli is the greatest chaser by far and I am saying this keeping in mind the great man Sachin Tendulkar,” Ganguly told India Today. “Sachin was special but as far as chasing is concerned, Kohli has done better than Sachin. Kohli is unreal.”Kohli has art of chasing worked out to a T. He knows when to settle down, he is aware of the oppositions’ bowling strengths and has a cool mind – singles are already worked out in the deep recesses of his brain, moreover he believes in his own abilities to explode whenever the need arises.Nothing is out of reach for Virat Kohli. Occasionally, he might come aross a ripper from Mohammad Amir or might be induced into a false shot by lesser bowlers but the King of the modern era, knows how to stand tall in a hunt.last_img read more