(PhysOrg.com) — A new study provides the first evidence that bacteria respond to odors, which according to one of the researchers may be the earliest evolutionary example of olfaction. Microbiologist Reindert Nijland from the University Medical Centre at Utrecht in the Netherlands, and marine microbiologist Grant Burgess, from the University of Newcastle in the UK, were studying the formation of biofilms by common bacteria that live in soils (Bacillus licheniformis), and discovered the microbes were sensitive to the presence of ammonium sulfate, which bacteria metabolize and convert to ammonia, which is a valuable nutrient because it contains nitrogen, which is then used in the production of proteins and nucleic acids. Some ammonia is released to the air in the process.In the study the researchers used an array consisting of 96 wells and filled one half with a culture medium intended specifically to promote biofilm formation, and the other half with a general, nutrient-rich culture medium. Biofilms were formed in the wells in the biofilm section, but formed best in the central wells closest to the nutrient-rich medium containing ammonium sulfate. Bacteria in these wells were releasing ammonia as they digested the ammonium sulfate. Nijland and Burgess then experimented with different media and found that media with ammonium sulfate as one of the nutrients produced the greatest volume of biofilms in the central wells. The same pattern was produced if the media was a simple aqueous solution of ammonia, which suggests the bacteria can sense the volatile ammonia and react by growing a biofilm towards its source. This would be an advantage to the bacteria as ammonia indicates the presence of a rich source of nutrients nearby.Bacteria have previously been shown to respond to gases such as carbon monoxide and oxygen, but Nijland said these gases do not have odors and so the response to them cannot be olfactory. He said it makes no sense to “smell” oxygen as it is always around. “You smell things that give important information,” Nijland said. He also countered criticism of the research suggesting the bacteria were responding to changes in pH of the solution as it absorbed ammonia, by saying the effect was observed even when concentrations were too low to have much effect on pH, and the culture medium was also buffered to ensure large pH shifts did not occur.Nijland said he hoped the results might lead to ways of preventing the formation of biofilms, which are resistant to antibiotics and make bacteria that cause disease more of a threat.The paper is to be published in the Biotechnology Journal. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Bacteria breakthrough is heaven scent Explore further Citation: Bacteria shown to ‘smell’ ammonia (2010, August 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-08-bacteria-shown-ammonia.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
The go-to game allows the agents to test their toponymic lexicon by specifying a target location (B) to meet at. Image credit: Ruth Schulz Citation: Robots learn to create language (2011, May 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-05-robots-language.html © 2010 PhysOrg.com Video showing Lingodroids playing a location language game. Schulz, R., Glover, A., Milford, M., Wyeth, G., & Wiles, J. (2011) Lingodroids: Studies in Spatial Cognition and Language, ICRA 2011, The International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Shanghai, China, May 2011 The Lingodroids develop language in the way that most human languages have probably developed, but making up words to name the places that they visit, and then share that name with the other around you. The bots basically find something that they have not seen in the past, create a word based on a random combination of syllables, and then tell the other robot the word that they have just created. Then the robots memory files will link to the word to that specific location. Currently the robots are learning new words by playing games, and can only name locations, but the researchers hope that in the future these Lingodroids will be able to create a more complex language. Explore further Toyota’s musical robots (w/ Video) More information: Research paper: Schulz, R., Wyeth, G., & Wiles, J. (In Press) Are we there yet? Grounding temporal concepts in shared journeys, IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental DevelopmentMore info: itee.uq.edu.au/~ruth/Lingodroids.htm This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (PhysOrg.com) — Communication is a vital part of any task that has to be done by more than one individual. That is why humans in every corner of the world have created their own complex languages that help us share the goal. As it turns out, we are not alone in that need, or in our ability to create a language of our own. Researchers at the University of Queensland and Queensland University of Technology have created a pair of robots who are creating their own language. The bots, which are being taught how to speak but not given specific languages, are learning to create a lexicon of their own. The bots, which have been aptly named Lingodroids, consist of a fairly basic setup when it comes to hardware. The robot consists of a mobile platform that has been equipped with a camera, a laser range finder, and a sonar setup that allows for the mapping and avoidance of obstacle. In order to allow them to talk, they are also equipped with a microphone and speakers.
Time travel theory avoids grandfather paradox (Phys.org)—If an object traveling through spacetime can loop back in time in a certain way, then its trajectory can allow a pair of its components to be measured with perfect accuracy, violating Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. This new finding involves a particular trajectory called an open timelike curve (OTC), which is a special case of a closed timelike curve (CTC), a theoretical concept that has previously provoked controversy because it raises the possibility of traveling backwards in time. According to Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, measurements of any pair of variables must have at least a minimum amount of error. The most well-known example of the pair of variables is position and momentum, but the principle applies to any two variables that have a mathematical relationship which makes them conjugate variables. The uncertainty principle is thought to be an inherent property of quantum systems due to their wave-particle duality, rather than any observational limitations. Although previous studies have found that CTC models can theoretically violate the uncertainty principle, nobody knew that this could happen for the special case of an OTC.Now, physicists Jacques Pienaar, Tim Ralph, and Casey Myers at The University of Queensland in Australia have theoretically shown that OTCs can allow scientists to measure a pair of conjugate variables of a quantum state to an arbitrary degree of accuracy forbidden by the uncertainty principle. The finding could have implications for quantum gravity and change the way that scientists view quantum uncertainty.”There is some speculation that the Heisenberg uncertainty principle might be different in a future theory of quantum gravity,” Pienaar told Phys.org. “However, most of these studies suggest that quantum gravity will introduce more uncertainty. Our model suggests the complete opposite: that a theory of quantum gravity might actually remove the uncertainty of quantum mechanics.”This perfect measurement ability arises from the nature of OTC trajectories. As the physicists explain, OTCs are the simplest and most normal type of CTCs. Whereas CTCs form closed loops in time that allow systems to affect events in their own past, OTCs form open loops in time and do not allow systems to interact with previous versions of themselves. These interaction-free OTCs overcome some of the paradoxes associated with time travel, such as the grandfather paradox in which a time traveler kills their own grandfather, preventing their own existence. More information: J. L. Pienaar, et al. “Open Timelike Curves Violate Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle.” PRL 110, 060501 (2013). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.060501 Copyright 2013 Phys.org All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of Phys.org. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Curves in spacetime violate Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle (2013, February 19) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-02-spacetime-violate-heisenberg-uncertainty-principle.html Explore further (a) A closed timelike curve, in which p2 is a chronology-respecting system, and p1 is a time-traveling system that can jump from point tA to the past point tB through a spacetime wormhole, has the ability to interact with itself in the past. (b) In an open timelike curve (OTC), the system cannot interact with itself in the past. In the new study, physicists have theoretically shown that OTCs can violate Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, provided p1 is entangled with p2. This proposal could be tested by performing experiments on entangled systems in Earth’s gravitational field. Credit: J. L. Pienaar, et al. ©2013 American Physical Society Despite such paradoxes, CTCs in general are compatible with general relativity; however, they are not compatible with quantum mechanics. One way to make them compatible is to extend quantum mechanics in a way that resolves the paradoxical aspects of CTCs. An example of such an extension is the Deutsch model, which makes the mathematics of quantum mechanics nonlinear, allowing for CTCs. Previously, scientists have shown that this nonlinearity leads to some unusual properties, such as the possibility to build a super quantum computer that can quickly solve some complex problems called NP-complete problems, a task that would take trillions of years using today’s computers.In the new study, the physicists have shown that the Deutsch model’s nonlinear mathematics also applies to OTCs, where there is no interaction between the past and present, provided that entanglement exists between the time-traveling system and an external system. To reach this conclusion, the physicists calculated what happens when quantum states travel through a quantum optics circuit that contains an OTC. In this theoretical situation, two quantum states are “squeezed” in orthogonal directions. After the states cycle through the circuit several times, the scientists found that they could measure the orthogonal components with arbitrary accuracy.Another interesting feature of these OTCs is that they resemble time dilation in general relativity, in which two clocks measure different times under different gravitational conditions. In a similar way, OTCs create a time difference between two initially synchronized trajectories. As the scientists explain, this resemblance means that an experimenter observing an OTC system and a time dilation system might not be able to tell whether the time difference was due to the gravitational curvature of general relativity or to the trajectory of an OTC. This finding suggests that modeling gravitational time dilation as an OTC effect could have implications for a theory of quantum gravity.”Deutsch’s model describes the strange quantum effects that we might see in the presence of CTCs, within a future theory of quantum gravity,” Pienaar said. “However, if there are no CTCs in the universe, then we would not expect to see the effects. But since the slowing of time due to gravity looks just like the effect of an OTC from the outside, and since OTCs still lead to strange effects (as we have shown), we suggested that these effects might turn up in strong gravitational fields, even without any closed loops in time. If so, then they would allow us to violate the Heisenberg uncertainty principle and clone coherent states of light without needing a full-blown time machine.”Of course, the connection between OTCs and gravitational fields is still very speculative and might turn out to be wrong. We hope to flesh it out into a more complete theory in future research.”The physicists propose that testing this possibility—by testing the Deutsch model’s nonlinear effects—could be done with current technology by performing experiments on entangled systems in Earth’s gravitational field. As the scientists explain, this kind of experiment would serve as an alternative to experimenting with real OTCs, which are rather hard to come by.”The circuit itself is easy to build; it’s coming up with an OTC that’s the problem!” Pienaar said. “Strictly speaking, we would require an actual time machine in order to build that circuit, which we obviously don’t have. However, if our analogy between OTCs and gravity is correct, then we could make do with just an ordinary gravitational field like Earth’s. In that case, the circuit certainly can be built; there is already a group working on sending entangled beams of light up to a satellite in orbit. This would then provide an experimental test that could either prove or disprove our claim about gravity behaving the same as an OTC.”
(Phys.org)—A team of researchers at Peking University has built a carbon nanotube-based working transistor and report that it outperformed larger transistors made with silicon. In their paper published in the journal Science, the team describes how they built the transistor, how it performed and the challenges that still remain before such transistors can be mass produced. Citation: Researchers build carbon nanotube transistors that outperform those made with silicon (2017, January 20) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-01-carbon-nanotube-transistors-outperform-silicon.html More information: Chenguang Qiu et al. Scaling carbon nanotube complementary transistors to 5-nm gate lengths, Science (2017). DOI: 10.1126/science.aaj1628AbstractHigh-performance top-gated carbon nanotube field-effect transistors (CNT FETs) with a gate length of 5 nanometers can be fabricated that perform better than silicon complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) FETs at the same scale. A scaling trend study revealed that the scaled CNT-based devices, which use graphene contacts, can operate much faster and at much lower supply voltage (0.4 versus 0.7 volts) and with much smaller subthreshold slope (typically 73 millivolts per decade). The 5-nanometer CNT FETs approached the quantum limit of FETs by using only one electron per switching operation. In addition, the contact length of the CNT CMOS devices was also scaled down to 25 nanometers, and a CMOS inverter with a total pitch size of 240 nanometers was also demonstrated. © 2017 Phys.org Explore further Schematic diagram showing the structure of a GC CNT FET. Credit: (c) Science (2017). DOI: 10.1126/science.aaj1628 Everyone in the computer business knows the limit to which silicon-based transistors can be made smaller is drawing ever closer, so many teams around the world are searching for a suitable replacement. One of the most promising candidates is carbon nanotubes—due to their unique properties, transistors based on them could be smaller, faster and more efficient. Unfortunately, the difficulty in growing carbon nanotubes and their sometimes persnickety nature means that a way to make them and mass produce them has not been found. In this new effort, the researchers report on a method of creating carbon nanotube transistors that are suitable for testing, but not mass production.To create the transistors, the researchers took a novel approach—instead of growing carbon nanotubes that had certain desired properties, they grew some and put them randomly on a silicon surface and then added electronics that would work with the properties they had—clearly not a strategy that would work for mass production, but one that allowed for building a carbon nanotube transistor that could be tested to see if it would verify theories about its performance. Realizing there would still be scaling problems using traditional electrodes, the researchers built a new kind by etching very tiny sheets of graphene. The result was a very tiny transistor, the team reports, capable of moving more current than a standard CMOS transistor using just half of the normal amount of voltage. It was also faster due to a much shorter switch delay, courtesy of the intrinsic delay of just 70 femtoseconds.The work done by the team in China is important because it offers physical evidence that money being spent on research into carbon nanotubes as a viable replacement for silicon will indeed pay off if a way to mass produce them can be found. For first time, carbon nanotube transistors outperform silicon Journal information: Science This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
My wife and I have no understanding. We are always fighting. I feel I should file divorce but I’m not sure whether it’s the best thing to do. When does one know that its ‘time to move on’?Name withheld, NoidaThe time when your mind and heart both believe it, when you have crossed the threshold of tolerance. When the happy moments are far lesser compared to the tears and pain accumulated. But, do go for counseling with your wife and give an honest effort to fix the marriage before you file divorce. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’My mother is having an affair with one of her colleagues. My father lives out of country. I’m very upset. What should I do?Saritha, JaipurI can try and understand your feelings. But Saritha, life is never the way we plan it, it has its own plans. I suggest, you get busy with your world; there’s not much you can do by getting into this situation. If there’s something too unbearable, confront your mother and have a straight forward conversation. Being transparent usually helps. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixMy grandmom lives with us. She’s very partial towards my sister as she is fair and pretty. I’m dark with no looks perhaps. How do I handle this?Tani, AgartalaDon’t lose your heart at all. If I were you, I would have gracefully avoided the partial grandmom. We are beautiful if we have a good nature. Beauty, colour, looks are all temporary factors that never determine the value of the person. Always know – ‘you are beautiful, you are the best’.My husband beats me up and rapes me every night. I’m very scared. I have a 7 year old boy. How do I live with this? Mrs. Singh, New DelhiPlease threaten him with legal consequences the next time he tries being unfair to you! Always keep the number of your local police handy and don’t hesitate to fight it out. This isn’t love, this isn’t marriage! He probably has taken your niceness for granted. Don’t keep shut and keep tolerating forever.I’m 34, single. I have had 3 failed relations. Parents insist I settle with an arranged marriage. I’m confused. I never can imagine getting married to an unknown person.Rajiv, Mumbai.Well, I suggest you go for a marriage where you select the prospect, spend quality time knowing and discovering each other and then tie the knot. ‘Arranged’ doesn’t mean someone else selects for you and you don’t have any say. Have a love or life query you cannot find an answer to? Send your questions to -firstname.lastname@example.org
The Peoples’ Linguistic Survey of India (PLSI) here Thursday released five volumes on various Indian languages documenting their history, landmark events, folklore and songs.PLSI is a nationwide survey aimed at working out alternate ways of development of the various Indian languages and maintaining organic links between scholarship and the social context. It has planned release of 50 volumes on the Indian languages and divided them into state and national series. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The volumes released are: The Being of Bhasha: General Introduction to the People’s Linguistic Survey of India; The Languages of Assam, Assamese version; The Languages of Maharashtra, Marathi version; The Languages of Uttarakhand, Hindi version; and The Indian Sign Languages – the only volume released from the national series.Vadodara-based Bhasha Research Centre conducted the survey. The PLSI team, comprising over 3,000 activists and scholars, covered 780 languages spread across all states and union territories. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix’Languages came much before the script came. So these volumes trace the origin of the language, map their history and connect them to the roots they belong to. We are on the verge of losing languages and it is important to preserve them orally,’ PLSI chairman Ganesh Devy said.He was speaking at the inaugural ceremony of a three-day event titled, ‘Mapping Indian Art, Culture and Languages’. Lalit Kala Akademi is hosting the series of events.K.K. Chakravarty, chairman, Lalit Kala Akademi said, ‘We are trying to connect performing arts to the people through these events.”We are bringing out the volumes as they come to us,’ Ketaki Bose, associate publisher, Orient Blackswan, said.
A long-running dispute over natural gas supplies will be on the agenda when Russian President Vladimir Putin and Ukrainian leader Petro Poroshenko hold talks in Italy later this week, the Kremlin said.A Kremlin statement issued late on Tuesday said the Ukrainian and Russian presidents had spoken by telephone and discussed measures to restore peace in eastern Ukraine.They are expected to continue discussions on the conflict as well as on the gas dispute on the sidelines of a summit of European and Asian leaders they are both attending in Milan on 16 -17 October. Also Read – Pro-Govt supporters rally as Hong Kong’s divisions deepenRussian natural gas producer Gazprom cut supplies to Ukraine in June after Kiev failed to pay gas debts which Russia says have now reached more than $5 billion.Ukraine faces a possibility of energy shortages this winter if no deal is reached, risking a replay of the disruptions to Europe’s gas supplies seen in 2006 and 2009. Europe receives a third of its gas needs from Russia, and around half of it is pumped via Ukraine.Officials from Russia and the European Commission, which is mediating the talks, say a deal could be near. Poroshenko said on Saturday he hoped for ‘significant progress’ on the issue during the talks on Milan.Efforts to reach agreement have been complicated by the conflict in eastern Ukraine. Ukraine and the West accuse Russia of providing pro-Russian separatists there with extra troops and weapons, a charge Moscow denies.The conflict has caused the worst standoff in Moscow’s relations with the West since the Cold War, with the United States and the European Union having imposed sanctions on Russia over the crisis.
The Dastkari Haat Samiti is once again gearing up for its annual display of the finest handicrafts from all corners of India at Dilli Haat, opposite INA market. The hugely popular craft bazaar has an added attraction this year- the intricate and beautiful handicrafts from Tibet, ancient craft handed down through generations of painstaking work and dedication.Hundreds of items, the best of the products of Indian and Tibetan artisans have been specially selected for the bazaar. This is also a great opportunity for the artisans to exchange their views at the Tibetan-Indian crafts and skill exchange workshop. The special feature every year is a workshop of International artisans. This time Tibetan crafts persons will engage in work with Indian counterparts from Arunachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Visitors will also get to enjoy the traditional music and dance. Traditional Ramdev folk singers from Kutch, Chhau dancers from Jharkhand and Tibetan traditional dancers will enrich the atmosphere throughout the day.The Dastkari Haat Samiti, now in its 29th year, is the brain child of Jaya Jaitly, who has dedicated four decades of her life and career to crafts and innovating newer ways to sustain craft and its people. She has also been a founding member of Dilli Haat, a single platform for craftsmen from the remotest areas the country to display and sell their finest wares. Jaitley said, ‘This is a unique initiative to highlight our countries rich culture and heritage. Visitors will get an opportunity to witness the vibrant colours, delicate workmanship, and respect inspiring detailing of handicrafts which have been meticulously put together’.
Kolkata: Mystery shrouds the death of an 18-year-old girl whose body was found inside her house in Habibpur area of Ranaghat in Nadia.According to a preliminary investigation, police suspect that the victim, Sweta Sahu might have committed suicide by consuming poison. She was declared brought dead after being taken to a private nursing home in the district. She was a student of XI from Brajabala Girls’ High School in Nadia.The victim’s family members alleged that she suffered from mental depression as she was not promoted to class XII Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsafter she failed to appear for Geography practical examination. They also alleged that the school headmistress rebuked her. The school authorities called her on her cell phone on the day of practical examination but she did not answer. According to the school authorities, neither the student nor her family members informed the school about her not appearing for the examination.A few days ago, the girl and her family members went to the school headmistress and urged her to allow Sweta to the next class. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedThe headmistress did not, however, agree to promote her to the next class. The family members told police that the victim went into depression after the school authorities denied her promotion. She went into her room on Saturday evening and consumed poison. Her family members found her lying still in her bed. She was immediately rushed to a private nursing home at Ranaghat, where the doctors pronounced her brought dead. Following the incident, the girl’s family members lodged a complaint against the school headmistress at Ranaghat police station. Police have started a detailed probe in this regard.The school authorities have, however, expressed their grief over her death. They also claimed that they tried to contact the victim and her family members but none responded. She was not promoted to class as she did not appear the examination, school authorities claimed.
Kolkata: A youth was killed after being knocked down by a speeding truck. The incident took place near Dharma Pukuria area on Bongaon-Bagda Road on Friday morning.The incident led to chaos after some locals staged a demonstration at the place of the incident protesting against the reckless driving of vehicles. The incident also caused traffic disruption on Bongaon-Bagda Road for almost an hour.Police said the victim, Debojyoti Chakraborty (30), a resident of Halencha area of Bagda was going to his workplace along the Bongaon-Bagda road. He was passing through the Dharma Pukuria area at around 9 am on Friday when a loaded truck hit his motorcycle. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAs the truck was at a high speed, the biker fell at a distance with his bike. The truck driver fled the spot along with the vehicle immediately after the accident.Although the victim was wearing helmet, the impact of the accident was so high that he received multiple injuries.The locals rushed to the spot and took the injured victim to hospital where the doctors pronounced him brought dead. According to the district police, Chakraborty received critical injuries on his chest, abdomen and head. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedAccording to the preliminary investigation, police came to know that the truck was overloaded.The eyewitnesses told the police that truck was headed towards Bongaon when the accident took place.Police suspect that the truck had moved towards the left side of the road after the truck driver saw the branches of a tree at a distance when the accident occurred. The agitation was later lifted following the intervention of senior police officers from the district.Police have started a probe in this regard. The victim’s body was sent for an autopsy. Raids are being conducted to nab the truck driver.
Jazz enthusiasts can enjoy music in full fervour as Capital Jazz, in collaboration with Teamwork Arts is going to present Jazz Utsav 2015, a 2 day festival featuring the best known Jazz artistes from India and across the globe in the national Capital.This year, in its 31st edition, this definitive Jazz festival held annually in the capital, celebrates the coming together of the past, present and future of Jazz. It will be held on December 5-6 at One Golden Mile, R K Puram. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’With the Jazz Utsav, Capital Jazz have been pioneers in bringing the best of Indian and International Jazz artistes together on the same platform in India, and are largely credited for the growing appreciation of this genre of music in India. This year, Teamwork Arts, India’s premier arts and entertainment company have signed a partnership with Capital Jazz to present Jazz Utsav and explore touring this to a number of Indian cities.This year’s line-up is sure to brighten the mood of music enthusiasts in Delhi with a stellar line-up including The Woodstock Jazz Band of the students from Mussoorie’s Woodstock School and Joel Lyssarides from Sweden representing the electrifying Future of Jazz; the legendary flag bearers of its unforgettable Past – Derek Julien, who was part of the first wave of Jazz in India in late ‘60s, and Karim Ellaboudi featuring Vasundhara. Then there are the beacons of present day Jazz – international Jazz rage Arthur Dutkiewicz Trio from Poland and the current toast of the Jazz circuit -Rudresh Mahanthappa’s Gamak from USA, with his grounding in Carnatic classical music and his passion for jazz coming together to craft a unique blend of music. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixCommenting on Jazz Utsav 2015, Sanjoy Roy, Managing Director of Teamwork Arts said, “Teamwork Arts aims to create exponential value for the arts by bringing to the forefront a multitude of art forms through our events and festivals. In Capital Jazz we’ve found partners who are just as passionate and enthused with these ideas and have kept alive the love for this exciting musical genre. With the best of musicians from India and across the world, this year’s Jazz Utsav will be an unparalleled celebration of all things Jazz and over the next few years we hope to grow this festival into one of Asia’s major music events.” Astri Ghose of Capital Jazz said, “This year’s festival is special. We have the best of Indian jazz with the amazing guitar of Derek Julien. Women are well represented. If you haven’t heard Kittu Sequeira or Vasundhara Vidalur it’s time you did at Jazz this year. And if you wonder what the future holds for Indian jazz, see the talented young girls and boys in the Woodstock Jazz.”Jazz Utsav began in 1978 and has found a dedicated following and is credited with largely influencing the Jazz scene in India, bringing together old and new lovers of this musical style. This definitive annual festival is attended by Jazz enthusiasts from across ages and walks of life, including young music lovers, executives, diplomats, ambassadors, judges, working professionals and other eminent personalities. The festival is now in its 31st year and has, in the past, featured some of the best names in the Jazz world, like Sonny Rollins, Larry Carlton, Trilok Gurtu and Wayne Krantz.When: December 5-6Where: One Golden Mile, R K Puram
Valentine Shipley, who was recently in the national Capital performing at Harley Rock Riders, has worked with the likes of Louis Banks and Astaad Deboo and with Grammy Award winner Pandit Vishwa Mohan Bhatt and also played with India’s leading bands – Parikrama and Silk Route. He is also the founding member of the famous “Friends of Music”, the only music club of its kind in this country to provide a platform to young artists for the promotion of original music and bringing together performers from various genres of music on a common platform. Excerpts from an interview: Also Read – Add new books to your shelfWhen did you first start singing?I started singing at the age of 4, as music, as I call is our family disease, was all around my home. Music comes as a legacy from both my dad and mom. My ma was a trained classical singer, dad was a musician and a priest. So there were lots of musical instruments in the house and records as we called them LP’s, spool tape recorder, church choir, school choir, then bands even before passing out of school. My first performance on stage was in Lucknow when I was five in front of 10,000 people at a big Christian conference. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveWho are your musical inspirations?My music inspirations have been Elvis Presley, Pat Boone, Abba, Beatles, Jim Reeves, RD Burman, Kishore Kumar, Begum Akhtar, Mozart, Beethoven later Eric Clapton, Santana, Dire Straits, Pink Floyd, Eagles, Simon and Garfunkel, Boney M, Deep Purple, AC/DC, Lionel Ritchie, Led Zeppelin, George Benson, Jagjit Singh. The list is infinite. You were part of a ‘Glee club’ in school. Tell us more about it.It was a music club in my school, St Xavier’s, Delhi founded by my music guru and a prodigy of a composer, piano player and conductor of music ParamVir. We were meeting three times a week after school for vocal exercise, going through scores of great musicals like Jesus Chris Superstar, Joseph and his amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, Evita etc. All by the legendary Andrew LLoyd Webber. Our school St Xavier’s also produced these awesome productions. It was a pioneering effort in this country. What are the five things you can’t live without?My Guitar, my family and especially daughter Princess as I call her Diva Faith Shipley, my iPod, my Bible-which I consider to be a Handbook Manual for Life, and Love.How do you feel about the way people interpret your songs?It’s a great honour and a very humbling experience to hear interpretations and different renditions of my songs by a cross generation of folks.What job do you think you would be doing now if you didn’t have your music career?None, never thought except music which is my passion and I believe I get to live a very blessed and charmed life to have my passion as my profession. It’s a very select percentage of folks to have this gift.Which has been your favorite place to tour?Every place has an energy and vibe of its own and each is special. But I love touring in India as it’s so vast and infinitely incredible and huge…and one lifetime is not enough to discover more and more music, cultures, stories and awesome people. Europe and Australia are also pretty awesome. Now I consider myself a “musicianary” a term I coined meaning a missionary and a musician combined and a storyteller. With the recent opportunity that Harley-Davidson has given me, I can travel across cities in India and meet different people to celebrate music. This is something that I thoroughly enjoy and Harley Rock Riders is a brilliant initiative to bring together various people to enjoy a common passion.What are your favorite songs?This is a tough call. It changes with my state of mind. But if I had to list top 5 they would be – ‘Bridge Over Troubled Waters’- Simon and Garfunkel, ‘My Way’-Frank Sinatra, ‘Sultans of Swing’- Dire Straits, ‘Amazing Grace’-Traditional Gospel, ‘Wonderful Tonight’-Eric Clapton and ‘Black Magic Woman’ by Santana.
People who are exposed to very low frequency electromagnetic fields at workplace – such as pilots and welders – may be at double the risk of developing ALS, the most common form of motor neurone disease, scientists warned today.Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurological disease, characterised by progressive degeneration of the motor nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord.There is currently no cure, and those affected usually die within a few years of diagnosis. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfResearchers relied on data from the Netherlands Cohort Study that involves more than 58,000 men and more than 62,000 women, who were all aged between 55 and 69 when they were first entered the study in 1986.Participants who had died of motor neurone disease (76 men and 60 women) were compared with around 4,000 (2411 men and 2589 women) who had been randomly selected for the purposes of the current study.Their detailed employment histories were converted into workplace exposure to solvents, pesticides, metals, extremely low frequency magnetic fields and electric shocks. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”ELF-MF are magnetic fields produced by electrical appliances and the power grid, with a frequency up to 300 Hz,” said Roel Vermeulen, from Utrecht University in Netherlands.”Jobs with relatively higher ELF-MF levels are for example: electric line installer, repairers and cable jointer, welders, sewing-machine operators, air craft pilots – essentially jobs where workers are placed in close proximity to appliances that use a lot of electricity,” said Vermeulen. High levels of electromagnetic field exposure were largely confined to the men, and depended on job type.These ranged from two to 25 per cent among the men.Participants’ neurological health was then tracked for an average of 17 years to see if any of them succumbed to ALS.During this time, 76 men and 60 women died of ALS.Occupational exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields was associated with a heightened risk of developing ALS among the men.Those whose jobs had exposed them to high levels of extremely low electromagnetic fields were more than twice as likely to develop ALS as those who had never been exposed through their work.Furthermore, those in the top 30 per cent of cumulative exposure were nearly twice as likely to develop the disease.The other occupational factors assessed were only weakly associated with ALS risk in both men and women, and there was no clear evidence of a linear increase in risk according to the amount of cumulative exposure, researchers said.The findings strengthen the evidence suggesting that ALS may be linked to workplace exposure to extremely low electromagnetic fields, they said.
Kolkata: Two police personnel were injured after a pile of seized illegal fire crackers burst inside Dantan police station on Sunday evening. They were rushed to Dantan Hospital with serious burn injuries. Later, they were shifted to Midnapore Medical College and Hospital in a critical condition.According to sources, Dantan police station had seized a good quantity of banned fire crackers and stored them inside the ‘malkhana’ of the police station during Kali Puja last year. On Sunday, it was decided to clean the ‘malkhana’ as it had become dirty and was left in an untidy condition for several days. Two police personnel identified as Dibyendu Acharya and Ashis Das were engaged to clean it. In the evening, while the cleaning was in progress, the crackers burst when Acharya and Das were removing them to clean the portion. Also Read – 3 injured, flight, train services hit as rains lash BengalOther police personnel of Dantan police station rushed to the ‘malkhana’ and found Acharya and Das to be lying on the ground with severe burn injuries. They were immediately rushed to Dantan Hospital where first aid was given to them. Later, they were shifted to Midnapore Medical College and Hospital as their condition deteriorated. Question arose on why those firecrackers were stored inside the ‘malkhana’. According to the regulations, seized firecrackers must be disposed of in presence of the fire brigade personnel.
Kolkata: A notorious criminal from Howrah identified as Manoar Ali, alias Guddu, was found dead on Wednesday morning from the Sandhyabazar area in Howrah.On Wednesday morning around 5 am, locals saw a man lying on a cycle van with his throat slit. Some locals identified him as Manoar Ali, alias Guddu. Howrah police station was immediately informed. Police sent the body for autopsy. According to local sources, Guddu was a henchman of Ramua, who was murdered by some criminals on Sunday night inside his rented flat in Sodepur. But Guddu had developed enmity with Ramua a few years ago and left the gang. Later, Guddu joined Ramesh Mahato’s gang, who is a known rival of Ramua. Also Read – 3 injured, flight, train services hit as rains lash BengalPolice sources informed that Guddu was accused in several murder, extortion and other cases and arrested multiple times. Last time, he was arrested in October, 2018, on charge of sections of Arms Act. Recently, he got bail and went somewhere in South 24-Parganas to take shelter. It is suspected that Guddu might have had thought that in Ramua’s absence, he could take over his area of domination. It is also suspected that he was connected to Ramua’s murder. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedDuring the preliminary investigation, the sleuths suspect that the gang members of Ramua might have murdered Guddu as the style of committing the crime is similar to their style. According to sources, the sleuths got to know that Mahato’s gang had gathered somewhere in Shibpur area, where Guddu also joined them. What happened afterwards is not clear. Police are checking the CCTV footages of a nearby shop to find out who had placed Guddu’s body on the van at Sandhyabazar.
Kolkata: Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee visited Kali temple at Tarapith and offered puja and bhog on Thursday morning. She was accompanied by state Agriculture minister Ashis Banerjee.Later, she took stock of the work being carried out in the temple town. Following her initiative, Tarapith Rampurhat Development Authority (TRDA) was set up in March 2015. The sole purpose behind formation of the authority was to upgrade Tarapith into a world class centre for religious tourism. Thousands of people from across the country and the globe visit Tarapith every year. On Tuesdays and Saturdays, people come to the temple to offer pujas. As there is shortage of accommodation, the state government has set up rooms for the tourists. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe state government has set up guest houses at Kankalitala, where pilgrims come to offer puja on Saturdays and Tuesdays. The TRDA consists of 75 moujas from Rampurhat and Morgram police station, including Rampurhat Municipality. A multiplex is being constructed under the Karmakhetra project to accommodate roadside shopkeepers. A clock tower will come up at Rampurhat Panchmati More. A swimming pool is being constructed at Girish Park. An eco park is coming up close to the temple as well. The Chief Minister expressed satisfaction over the work for the same being carried out in full swing. The state government has also upgraded the shashan (crematorium) where tantriks and bhairabis come for religious practices and meditation. The rooms where the tantriks stay have been renovated and beautification surrounding the shashan has been carried out.
Adding a feather to its cap of achievements, Chandigarh is all set to bask in the glory of hosting 8th Theatre Olympics, the world’s largest theatre festival, held in India for the first time.This edition of the global theatre festival will cover 17 cities in India with over 25000 artists performing 450 shows, 600 ambience performances, and 250 youth shows.The Chandigarh chapter of Theatre Olympics 2018 is being organised by the National School of Drama (NSD) under the aegis of Ministry of Culture, Govt. of India in collaboration with Department of Culture Affair, UT Chandigarh/Chandigarh Sangeet Natak Academy. This was stated by Chairman, Sangeet Natak Academy, Kamal Arora; Suresh Bhardwaj, Festival Convenor, NSD, New Delhi, and Sudesh Sharma, Chief Coordinator, 8th Theatre Olympics Chandigarh Chapter, here today. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”Chandigarh is home to cosmopolitan and folk cultures and therefore offers a perfect backdrop for an international festival like 8th Theatre Olympics,” Kamal Arora stated.”Chandigarh is a city of theatre lovers. We are very happy to have Chandigarh as a co-host of the 8th Theatre Olympics,” affirmed Suresh Bhardwaj, Festival Convener, National School of Drama, New Delhi.”We are very proud to host a chapter of 8th Theatre Olympics in our city. We will make every effort to make this event a grand success”, Sudesh Sharma reiterated. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe fortnight-long event in the city, from March 20 to April 3 at Tagore Hall, will stage 15 plays comprising four specially invited plays as well as folk theatre and international plays. Famous productions such as “Macbeth” (Ratan Thiyam), “Mohna Batav”(Navid Inamdhar, Latur), “Indipity” (Pranjal Saikia), and “Hasyachuramari” (Saurabh Anant) will be staged during the theatre festival in Chandigarh. Few allied activities will also take place during this period. “For the past three years, we had the dream to bring Theatre Olympics to India. The dream that we had seen has come true. Since we began to envision and achieve this feat, Dr Mahesh Sharma and the Ministry of Culture have extended wholehearted support to the idea and have played an instrumental role in making it a reality. Throughout centuries we have seen playwright like Shakespeare and Bertolt Brecht becoming a part of Indian theatre, while despite having our own extraordinary playwrights and theatrical figures, we are still to make a similar impact. This is a huge leap towards that direction of putting Indian theatre on the world map,” Prof. Waman Kendre, Director, NSD added.The festival will culminate on April 8 in Mumbai.
India, with a population of over a billion people, will have the worlds youngest population by 2020. While this sounds promising in terms of the composition of the workforce, the millennial generation is also proven to have higher stress levels in comparison to those of an older generation. Several studies suggest that there has been a marked increase in stress levels among millennials owing to various factors involving increased competition at the work place, unstable relationships and sedentary/unhealthy lifestyle, among others. The unmanaged stress further leads to depression. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfExperts share a few tips for millennials who lead stressful lives: Plan your schedule: One minute of planning translates into at least 10 minutes saved. Planning is a great tool to enhance efficiency and also brings down stress. When tasks pile up, it is natural to get overwhelmed. This can be prevented by keeping a simple checklist or to-do list. Once you’ve been doing it for a few weeks, it becomes second nature. Ensure you have a plan for the day with a clear objective; this allows you to focus on your goals and keeps you motivated. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveListen to instrumental music to relax: From time immemorial, music has been known to play a positive effect in soothing a person’s senses. The tempo, lyrics and volume of the music you listen to have an enormous effect your mood. Slow-tempo, quiet music will help you relax – and soothe your frayed nerves. While you are working, you can listen to calm instrumental music. This clears the mind and helps you unwind. If you’re feeling low, play upbeat music. This will lighten up your mood and elate your senses. Sometimes, vocals and lyrics can inspire you and lift your spirits. Get enough sleep and rest: Staying up late in the night is common amongst millennials but can have dangerous effects on mental health. Some people have trouble sleeping early, while others find entertainment or social media preventing them from having an early night. One of the best ways that can help you sleep early is exercising for at least 45 minutes every day. This also helps you sleep better and you’ll wake up feeling more refreshed. Getting a minimum of six hours of sleep is necessary to stay fit throughout the day. However, if time constraints prevent a full eight hours of sleep, meditating for 15 minutes can have the same effect on your mind and will leave you feeling rejuvenated and refreshed. Incorporate Ashvagandha herb in your diet: Owing to hectic and sedentary lifestyles, we tend to “unfollow” healthy eating habits. We often skip eating wholesome meals. Most of us may be unaware that certain foods can help in relieving stress and anxiety. Fruits such banana and avocado in addition to carrots and yogurt, help you calm down. A herb like Ashvagandha, according to Ayurvedic texts and modern research, is an adaptogen, which helps relieve stress. The herb is easily available in the form of tablets. One can consume one or two tablets daily, or as directed by the doctor. These are some of the simplest ways to combat the stress faced by millennials. It’s always a good idea to start with simple, natural remedies, as they can be extremely effective.
Darjeeling: Two persons, arrested in Darjeeling with a leopard hide, was produced at the Darjeeling court on Monday and remanded to 14 days of judicial custody.Pranesh Subba (27 years) of Ramji Bustee and Anant Tamang (23 years) of Rangbhang Bustee were arrested on Monday morning by the Forest department and a leopard hide recovered from their possession. The forest department claimed that the two had killed the leopard at Rangbhang area and had buried the carcass near the Rangbhang river around 4 months ago. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe area is under the Sukhipokhari block on the Indo-Nepal border. “Based on the tip-off we conducted a raid in the area. The skull of the leopard was recovered from the near the river while the hide was recovered from the Ramji Bustee. During interrogation they duo revealed that Pranesh had hit the leopard on the head with an iron rod and killed it,” said Swapan Hingmang, Range Officer, Singhalila National Park. The forest officials are not sure as to what plan the duo had for the hide. “We are conducting awareness programmes and educating the villagers that killing wildlife is an offence. We have asked them to inform us of such incidents. We are planning to print pamphlets in Nepali stating that killing of wild animals is punishable. In case of sighting of such animals they should inform the forest department. Contact numbers will also be provided,” said the Ranger.
Freddie Mercury and his Zoroastrianism were something largely kept out of the public eye. The legendary musician known as Freddie Mercury was born Farrokh Bulsara in Zanzibar (now part of Tanzania) in 1946. The Bulsara family are part of the Zoroastrian faith and Mercury was raised within this tradition. His father was a civil servant for the British Empire, so the family lived in India during the young Freddie’s formative years. Mercury attended boarding school in India and it was during this time that he learned piano, fell in love with rock ‘n’ roll, got the nickname Freddie and formed his first band.Freddie Mercury singing, 1977. Photo by Carl Lender CC BY-SA 3.0At the age of 17, Mercury and family moved to England during a time of political upheaval in Zanzibar. It was while living in England that he decided to pursue music over everything else, a decision that would lead to the creation of one of the greatest rock bands of all time.The house in Zanzibar where Mercury lived in his early years.Zoroastrianism is the oldest monotheistic religion in the world and its prophet Zarathustra was the first to introduce to theology the concepts of heaven and hell, and the struggle between good and evil.Zoroastrianism was the official religion of the Persian Empire and as the Empire spread, so did the teachings of Zarathustra. In fact, Christianity, Judaism and Islam are all influenced by the ideas of this old religion.Although these days Zoroastrianism is seen as a minor religion, its teachings have inspired many scholars and artists throughout the centuries, including Freddie Mercury.Painted clay and alabaster head of a Zoroastrian priest wearing a distinctive Bactrian-style headdress, Takhti-Sangin, Tajikistan, Greco-Bactrian Kingdom, 3rd–2nd century BC.Mercury may not have actively practiced Zoroastrianism, but it certainly played a role in his determination and outlook on life.His sister, Kashmira Cooke, discussed this in an interview in 2014: “I think what [Freddie’s] Zoroastrian faith gave him was to work hard, to persevere, and to follow your dreams.”Freddie Mercury in New Haven, CT at a WPLR show. Photo by Carl Lender CC BY-SA 3.0The religion is also known for its motto ‘Good thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds.’ It teaches sharing, generosity and kindness as part of its doctrine and Mercury was known to be all of those things.He was an extravagant spender, not just on material goods and parties, but he also privately gave large sums of money to charities and was known to lavish gifts on friends and to help those close to him.The outer walls of Garden Lodge (pictured here in 2014) became a shrine to Mercury following his death in 1991. Photo by Adnergje CC BY SA 3.0Some critics during Mercury’s lifetime accused him of ignoring his heritage. Looking back on the debate, it seems that there may have been a misunderstanding of what it means to be Persian.In response to those critics, Mercury is famously quoted as saying “I’ll always walk around like a Persian popinjay and no one’s going to stop me, honey!”.Indeed, Mercury was intensely proud of his ancestry, but he wasn’t a devoutly religious person. His mother, Jer Bulsara, is quoted in the Telegraph as saying, “Freddie was a Parsee and he was proud of that, but he wasn’t particularly religious.”Mercury died of complications due to AIDS on November 24, 1991 at the age of 45. The funeral was a private affair attended by family and close friends. The ceremony was presided over by two Zoroastrian priests and Freddie Mercury was cremated in accordance with modern Zoroastrianism traditions.Read another story from us: “Bohemian Rhapsody” – The Long Road to Freddie Mercury Hitting the Big ScreenIn the 20 years since his death, Freddie Mercury has become a legend with continued devotion from fans all over the world. Of his continued fame, his mother said in an interview with the Telegraph “I am proud for everything that comes up for my boy. The whole world seems to know him. They know who Freddie Mercury is. My boy was a genius.”