The Dark Side Of The Online Struggle Against Plagiarism

first_imgA Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting brian proffitt Tags:#E-Learning#web 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketcenter_img College students are under a lot of pressure, what with classes, resident activities, helicopter parents and a none-too-rosy job market waiting for them after graduation. Add the ease of cut-and-paste to the need to grab the almighty A and it’s no surprise that many students turn to plagiarism. Unfortunately, I’ve seen that the technological war against plagiarism can do more harm than good.As a college instructor, I have seen students with otherwise strict ethical codes panic and turn in work that doesn’t belong to them, just because something in their world blew up and they thought getting something in on time was more important than doing their own work.The Weapons Of WarPersonally, plagiarism is not especially hard for me to detect. Years of professional writing and editing experience makes it pretty easy for me to detect a sudden change in voice. And in my current class there’s not a lot of written assignments, so keeping up with the workload is not that hard.But for my colleagues in other parts of the college, I know that is not the case. Essays and theses are more prevalent, and grading them can be very time consuming part of the job. Which is why online plagiarism checkers look very attractive to many professors.Search-and-comparison engines are relatively common at the class, department or even school level at various global institutes for higher learning. The basic premise of these tools – such as Turnitin, PlagTracker.com and Dustball’s The Plagiarism Checker – is the the same: a teacher uploads the document and the program checks the results against the vendor’s database of submitted works and online sources. If a paper has passages that were also found somewhere else, it flags those passages for the teacher to deal with appropriately.Sounds good, right?Perhaps, but not everyone is convinced.The Problems With The SolutionFirst, there is the cost. Turnitin, which is widely acknowledged to have the most extensive database, does not post its prices, using a private quote system instead. But anecdotal evidence can be found on the Internet: the Financial Times most recently pegged the cost at $2 per student per year. That doesn’t sound like a lot, but if I were to use this service for all the sections of the class I co-teach, that’s $1,400 peracademic year for one class.Dustball’s Premium service is $8 per month, for 50 uses, with each additional use costing $.25. Back to my class, assuming one essay per semester, that’s a more manageable $246 per year, with subscription costs. Three essays per semester would run $311.PlagTracker.com? Free of charge, at least for now. Presumably the Ukrainian-based service is building up its content database for monetization later.There’s also an ethical issue with plagiarism checkers – the questionable use of students’ work as a money maker for these services. Sort of like Facebook, Turnitin and the other services are making money off of content that they did not create. Perhaps worse, unlike Facebook where the content owner typically uploads it willingly, students have no say in whether their paper is uploaded by the teacher to the plagiarism checker.Many students and teachers are less than thrilled by this idea. Turnitin has specifically claimed fair use in defense of its use of this content, and in 2008 Turnitin’s parent company iParadigms won a lawsuit brought against the company by four students claiming copyright violation. In its ruling, the court agreed that the content’s use was indeed fair.“It is clear that iParadigms’ use of the Plaintiff’s works has caused no harm to the market value of these works,” Judge Claude Hilton ruled at the time.That has not stopped faculty and students from having qualms about the use of students’ papers in a for-profit enterprise.Setting Up For FailureThe final issue is the atmosphere of distrust that routine use of plagiarism checkers can create. Assuming all students are guilty until proven innocent is not a healthy start to the student-teacher relationship. It might actually encourage an adversarial environment that pushes sneakier students towards getting more creative with their plagiarism while alienating students that never had any intention of plagiarizing.“While some plagiarism detection software is conceived as helping students identify their own peccadilloes – as if committed inadvertently – the technological campaign to monitor and root out plagiarism is reminiscent of the war on drugs, where a large investment in cameras and dog-squads yields negligible returns in expunging the abhorred dependency,” wrote Robert Nelson, Associate Director Student Experience at Monash University, Australia. “We chase students as if they are crooks instead of looking at why students are tempted to plagiarise.”Is There A Better Way?Nelson’s point echoes strongly with me. I am no naif, and I am fully aware that there will be cheaters every once in a while in my class. I live in a world where essay mills like this one exist; how could I not know bad choices are getting made?When I approach my students’ works, though, I don’t go in thinking about catching a cheater. If there is an issue, it’s usually that something jumps out at me and then I start checking.I have the Honor Code conversation with students at the start of every semester, and I always try to separate ethical concerns from the conversation, just to shake them up. Even in an amoral situation, there’s no long-term percentage in cheating. By skipping the work, all they might get (if they aren’t caught) is a decent grade. But the thoughts they might have had if they had done the work on their own? Never happened.That’s a much greater loss than getting a bad grade.Image courtesy of Shutterstock Related Posts Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic…last_img read more

‘Mature’ Suarez key for Uruguay – Tabarez

first_imgWorld Cup Suarez has matured since 2014, claims Uruguay boss Tabarez Patric Ridge 00:16 6/15/18 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(1) Tabarez - cropped Getty Images World Cup Luis Suárez Egypt v Uruguay Uruguay Egypt The striker’s campaign in Brazil ended in scandal after biting Giorgio Chiellini, but his coach believes he has grown up a lot in the past four years Luis Suarez’s controversial actions in Brazil four years ago have helped the Barcelona star mature as a player, according to Uruguay boss Oscar Tabarez.Suarez was suspended from all football activities for four months following his actions in a clash against Italy in the group stages in Brazil, having bitten Giorgio Chiellini on the shoulder.That controversy did not prevent Barca signing Suarez from Liverpool, and the 31-year-old has gone on to enjoy a trophy-laden spell at Camp Nou. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Out of his depth! Emery on borrowed time after another abysmal Arsenal display Diving, tactical fouls & the emerging war of words between Guardiola & Klopp Sorry, Cristiano! Pjanic is Juventus’ most important player right now Arsenal would be selling their soul with Mourinho move The forward will lead the line – along with Edinson Cavani – for Uruguay and, speaking ahead of their opener against Egypt on Friday, veteran coach Tabarez insisted Suarez has matured since 2014.”Suarez comes to the tournament as a very mature player. I have known him a long time, since 2006,” Tabarez told reporters. “What happened in Brazil is part of reality and has helped him mature. Luis is very smart and well prepared mentally.”With all the good things he can do, he is key for the team.”16 – The last 16 Luis Suárez’s goals for Uruguay have been scored from inside the box (five of them from penalty spot) since scoring in 2013 Confederations Cup vs Tahití. Killer pic.twitter.com/Bj6vO3ryCd— OptaJose (@OptaJose) 8 June 2018Tabarez is taking charge of Uruguay at a World Cup for the fourth time, and the former Boca Juniors boss believes his side have the experience and quality to enjoy a fruitful campaign.”It’s a very compact group, with a lot of friendship and great leaders,” added Tabarez, who acknowledged that many of his squad have had a tough season with their clubs.”Getting here for us is already important. We arrived with the expectation of enjoying the World Cup and achieving great things.”For that I have a group that is very well and the mentality is also very good.”As for the preparation, we are in a similar situation to that of the European teams. They come after very strenuous seasons.”The players had rest days, according to the requirement they had in their league and team. We never complain about the little time we have, each time it is less for us to be able to work with them.”last_img read more

22 days ago​Liverpool loanee Wilson settling in well at Bournemouth

first_img​Liverpool loanee Wilson settling in well at Bournemouthby Ansser Sadiq22 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool loanee Harry Wilson has no problems settling into life at Bournemouth on loan.The talented winger has been an impressive edition to Eddie Howe’s squad, adding three Premier League goals to his name in six appearances this season.He believes everyone at the club has helped to make him feel welcome, which has aided his acclimatisation.”I feel I have settled in well. The club have been great with that,” he told reporters.”The coaching staff and the players have really helped.”When I first moved here, I was in the hotel and that was near the beach, so I had a good few walks down there which was good.”I’ve got to know the area, so I am enjoying it.” About the authorAnsser SadiqShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

ESPN’s ‘College GameDay’ Crew Make College Football Playoff Picks

first_imgNational Championship in Tampa Bay for 2017.Who will win enough games to compete for this?The NFL Draft is dominating today’s news cycle but it’s always a good time to make some College Football Playoff predictions. About five months away from the 2016 season, some of ESPN’s College GameDay crew has done just that. ESPN play-by-play announcer Chris Fowler tweeted out the teams himself, Jesse Palmer, Desmond Howard, Joey Galloway and Kaylee Hartung are picking to make the College Football Playoff. Clemson was the only unanimous selection between the five college football personalities, while seven other teams – Oklahoma, Baylor, Alabama, LSU, Stanford, Tennessee and Houston – were picked by at least one of them. fired up panel @JessePalmerABC @DesmondHoward @Joey_Galloway @KayleeHartung making bold CFB predictions at our sponsor summit tonight! 1/2— Chris Fowler (@cbfowler) April 28, 20162/2 our panel’s consensus CFB playoff pick: @ClemsonFB w/ OU, BAY, ALA, LSU, TENN, STAN, HOU also mentioned by at least one of them.— Chris Fowler (@cbfowler) April 28, 2016Some pretty popular choices, but it’s surprising to see no Big Ten teams on their list. Both Michigan and Ohio State are thought to be preseason top 10 teams and it’s tough to imagine a one-loss Big Ten champion getting left out.Who are you picking?last_img read more

Experts tell inquiry to enforce Canadas Human Right obligations

first_imgTom Fennario APTN NewsA Manitoba professor says housing, education and health services are not policy issues – but human rights issues.“Sometimes, particularly when we refer to human rights there’s this idea that they’re just moral precepts and what Canada could be doing or should be doing, when in fact they are law with binding obligations,” Brenda Gunn told the inquiry on day three of the hearings in Wendat.Gunn recommends the inquiry identify Canada’s human rights obligations, and then hold the country to account.tfennario@aptn.ca@tfennariolast_img read more

New Brunswick Green party offers plan to address heavy student debt loads

first_imgFREDERICTON – New Brunswick’s Green party is pledging to help ease the debts of university and college students if the Greens form government.Leader David Coon says New Brunswick graduates carry student debts that are 50 per cent higher than the national average.He says that debt load is preventing graduates from accessing capital to buy homes, start businesses.Coon says his party commits to the long-term goal of universal, free tuition in the province’s post-secondary institutions.He says they would also eliminate interest on provincial student loans, as has been done in neighbouring Nova Scotia.Coon says a Green government would also reinstate the tuition rebate program for recent graduates.last_img read more

Asian stocks mostly higher following Wall Street recovery

first_imgSINGAPORE — Share prices were mostly higher in Asia in narrow trading ahead of the Thanksgiving holiday. Wall Street’s recovery from steep losses helped boost sentiment despite discouraging data from the United States.KEEPING SCORE: Japan’s benchmark Nikkei 225 surged 0.7 per cent to 21,646.55 and the Hang Seng in Hong Kong added 0.4 per cent to 26,070.33. Australia’s S&P/ASX 200 gained 0.9 per cent to 5,691.30. South Korea’s Kospi dropped 0.3 per cent to 2,069.95. The Shanghai Composite shed 0.2 per cent to 2,647.35. Shares fell in Taiwan but rose in Singapore, Thailand and Indonesia.WALL STREET: Major indexes bounced back from two days of steep losses as retailers, technology and internet companies posted strong gains. The S&P 500 index added 0.3 per cent to 2,649.93 and the Nasdaq composite rose 0.9 per cent to 6,972.25. The Dow Jones Industrial Average was almost flat at 24,464.69. The Russell 2000 index of smaller-company stocks jumped 1.3 per cent to 1,488.28. U.S. markets will be closed for Thanksgiving on Thursday and will be open for a half-day on Friday.U.S. DATA: Sales of existing homes in the U.S. rose in October, breaking a six-month losing streak, the National Association of Realtors announced Wednesday. Sales jumped 1.4 per cent to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 5.22 million in October from 5.15 million a month earlier. Still, the new numbers were still down 5.1 per cent from a year ago. Durable goods orders also fell 4.4 per cent last month from September, the largest amount in 15 months, with commercial and military aircraft leading the decline. This could point at adverse effects of a trade dispute between the U.S. and China, who have imposed additional tariffs on hundreds of billions of each other’s goods.ANALYST’S TAKE: “Basically the same issues — higher U.S. rates, trade, tech correction and fears of its morphing into weaker global growth — are continuing to keep investors on edge,” Shane Oliver, Head of Investment Strategy and Chief Economist at AMP Capital, said in an interview.ENERGY: Benchmark U.S. crude lost 2 cents to $54.61 per barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange. The contract gained $1.20 to close at $54.63 in New York. Brent crude, the international standard, gave up 36 cents to $63.12. It finished 95 cents higher at $63.48 in London.CURRENCIES: The dollar eased to 113.05 yen from 113.07 yen late Wednesday. The euro strengthened to $1.1403 from $1.1383.Annabelle Liang, The Associated Presslast_img read more

Trans Mountain pipeline ruling shakes central pillar of Trudeau agenda

first_imgOTTAWA, O.N. – On Wednesday, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau painstakingly explained to students in Kapuskasing, Ont., how the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion project is a central pillar of his government’s agenda.Less than 24 hours later, the Federal Court of Appeal quashed the government’s approval of the project, imperilling the pillar holding up Trudeau’s signature promise to tackle climate change by balancing economic growth and environmental protection.Moreover, it underscored a gap between rhetoric and action when it comes to Trudeau’s oft-stated vow to make reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples his top priority. The court found that the National Energy Board’s environmental assessment of the project was fatally flawed because it ignored the potential impact of increased tanker traffic off British Columbia’s coast. It also ruled that the federal government had not fulfilled its duty to meaningfully consult with affected Indigenous groups.“For over a year and a half, Canadians have waited for Trudeau to come up with a concrete plan to ensure this pipeline project is completed,” said Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer.“Instead, he offered one delay after another, and the ruling today shows that he couldn’t even carry out his own government’s consultation process. He has now left Canadian taxpayers on the hook for a pipeline that he isn’t allowed to build, jeopardizing jobs and investment at the same time as our economy faces the uncertainty of NAFTA re-negotiations, tax hikes, and Liberal deficits.”Finance Minister Bill Morneau insisted the government is still “absolutely committed” to completing the $4.5-billion purchase of the project from Kinder Morgan _ as early as Friday _ and ensuring that the expansion is eventually built to carry Alberta’s oilsands bitumen to tidewater.He did not rule out appealing the court ruling. But he appeared inclined to accept the court’s suggested remedy: order the energy board to redo its environmental assessment and redo the government’s own consultations with Indigenous Peoples, both of which the court said could be tightly focused and completed relatively quickly.“We’re going to review today’s decision to ensure that we’re meeting high standards when it comes to both protecting the environment and meeting our obligations to consult with Indigenous Peoples,” Morneau said, adding that the court has “given us some good directions on next steps.” At a minimum, however, that would mean more delay and increased uncertainty about whether the project will ever actually be built.“They just don’t know what they’re doing. They have no idea how they’re actually going to get this project built,” said Scheer.Canadian Chamber of Commerce president Perrin Beatty said the ruling “sends a profoundly negative message to investors both here at home and around the world about Canada’s regulatory system and our ability to get things done even after the federal government has declared them to be in the national interest.”NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh, Green Party Leader Elizabeth May and a host of environmental and aboriginal groups all called on the federal government to admit defeat and cancel the project.center_img “Climate leaders don’t buy or expand pipelines,” said Singh, adding that the government should “consider all legal options” to cancel the purchase of Trans Mountain.But the Trudeau Liberals have staked far too much on the project to “cut their losses and walk away” from it, as May suggested they should do.Trudeau himself laid out for students Wednesday how the pipeline is a crucial piece of his government’s climate change and economic growth puzzle.“We understand that climate change is real, it’s a major issue for us,” he said.He said an “essential” element of the plan to reduce carbon emissions was Alberta’s commitment to cap emissions from the oilsands. In return, the federal government has committed to piping Alberta’s oilsands bitumen to British Columbia’s coast, where it can be shipped to overseas markets.“Some people are wondering why we’re building a new pipeline if we’re really serious about dealing with climate change,” Trudeau acknowledged.He argued that it will take years to transition off fossil fuels and, in the meantime, the world will still need oil and Canada will need to generate the wealth needed to fund the transition to a low-carbon economy. The Trans Mountain pipeline would, he said, allow Canada to sell its resources to Asian countries at a better price, rather than continue to be “held hostage” to the American market.Protecting the environment and growing the economy must “go hand in hand,” he stressed, adding that this “is the type of compromise that we need.”Back in 2013, shortly after he was first elected Liberal leader, Trudeau headed to the Calgary Petroleum Club, where he accused Stephen Harper’s Conservative government of needlessly antagonizing environmentalists and First Nations with an unabashedly pro-energy industry stance that resulted in no new major pipelines being built. He vowed that a Liberal government would gain the “social license” necessary to build pipelines by working in partnership with environmental and Indigenous groups.On Thursday, Morneau said his government inherited a flawed environmental review process from the Harper government and “made efforts to improve it.”The court, however, found those improvements, in practice, fell far short of what’s required.“We see now that they failed to even do the basic, the basic work in hitting their own standards for the consultation process,” said Scheer.(THE CANADIAN PRESS)last_img read more

More maintenance work to take place on Taylor Bridge starting Wednesday

first_imgYRB is advising drivers to plan this delay in their commute.Check DriveBC for updates, or you can call the after-hours line at 1-888-883-6688. TAYLOR, B.C. – Yellowhead Road and Bridge North Peace have announced that more deck maintenance to be performed on the Taylor Bridge.YRB says deck maintenance will be taking place on the night of March 27 and again on March 28 from 7:00 p.m. to 3:30 a.m.Traffic will be single lane alternating with up to 20-minute delays.last_img

The Football Hall Of Fame Has A Receiver Problem

Former Buffalo Bills wide receiver Andre Reed was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame on Saturday, joining his longtime teammates Jim Kelly, Thurman Thomas and Bruce Smith in Canton. As a key contributor to the Bills’ four Super Bowl berths in the 1990s,1The lasting memory of Reed’s career for many NFL fans may be his performance in this game — eight catches, 136 yards and three touchdowns — when he helped Buffalo mount the biggest comeback in NFL history. Reed is a qualified candidate for the game’s greatest individual honor. But while he was good, he wasn’t nearly as good as several other receivers the Hall has ignored. It’s not Reed’s fault — it’s the Hall’s. Canton hasn’t figured out how to best judge the careers of modern wide receivers.Even in a sport where an individual player’s statistics are contaminated by the strengths and weaknesses of his teammates, his coaches and countless other considerations, wide receiver performance is a particularly tough nut to crack. Raw numbers rarely offer enough to help us properly distinguish between pass-catchers, especially across eras, and statisticians haven’t always agreed on how best to correct biases in the data.Take Reed’s career as an example. It’s a glossy one — at the time he retired, he ranked third all time in catches, fourth in receiving yards and sixth in touchdown receptions. But it’s also one that was entangled with the great ensemble of offensive talent, and one that was a beneficiary of the dawn of the NFL’s passing explosion. Moreover, some advanced stats show that Reed’s on-field influence wasn’t what it appeared to be — the evidence is surprisingly mixed with regard to his actual effect on team passing efficiency.In recent years, the Hall of Fame’s selection committee has reacted to its wide-receiver dilemma either by ignoring the position or by disregarding advanced stats when the committee does deign to induct those who played it. (Until Reed and Cris Carter were tapped in the last two elections, the Hall had only taken seven receivers since 2000, a number that included the controversial selection of Lynn Swann.) But Reed and Carter’s inductions signal that the WR logjam has become too much to ignore — and the tide of qualified receivers is only going to keep surging.2Marvin Harrison, Randy Moss and Torry Holt are either on the ballot or coming soon. It’s time to re-evaluate how we judge Reed and his contemporaries statistically.Wide receivers are products of their eras. When the NFL opened up the passing game in 1978, enacting new rules to make pass-blocking easier and to eliminate downfield defensive contact with receivers, league-wide passing output spiked almost instantly. As a consequence, the numbers that once automatically signified greatness quickly became devalued. For example, using a simple ratio of league passing yards per game in one season compared to another,3If the average passing yards per game in 2013 was 1.4 times as many as in 1960, I would multiply a 1960 player’s stats by 1.4 to “convert” to the equivalent in 2013. Reed’s 1,312-yard campaign in 1989 would have been the equivalent of a mere 883 yards a dozen years prior. What was, at the time, the 22nd-highest single-season yardage total ever becomes the 324th.To appreciate a receiver’s true(r) talent isn’t just about adjusting to his era, though, it’s also about adjusting to his team. The degree to which a receiver’s team throws the ball relative to the league norm has an effect on his stats. It’s a point that sounds laughably obvious, but somehow isn’t often considered when judging pass-catchers: Teams that run more plays through the air give their receivers more opportunities to put up eye-popping numbers.For Reed, this wasn’t a major factor; his Buffalo Bills and Washington Redskins threw about 3.5 percent less often than other teams in the league over the course of his career, which would only be enough to take 35 yards away from a 1,000-yard season. But it does matter for someone like Calvin Johnson, whose Detroit Lions have chucked the ball downfield 12 percent more often than average in a league that already generates 10 percent more aerial yards per game than the historical norm. How we treat this adjustment can make a huge difference in how a receiver is perceived statistically.I tried to solve this issue last August by developing a metric called True Receiving Yards (TRY) with Chase Stuart of FootballPerspective.com. (You can download the raw career TRY data, along with some other metrics I introduce later in this piece, on GitHub.) TRY attempts to boil down a receiver’s production4Including catches, raw yardage and touchdowns. into a single (yardage-like) number that adjusts for differences in schedule lengths, league-wide passing environments and team passing volumes.We initially scaled a player’s TRY in lockstep with the frequency with which his team passed relative to the league average. That downgraded Johnson’s 2012 production by 23 percent, because, despite him breaking the all-time single-season record for receiving yards that year, Detroit also broke the all-time record for pass attempts in a season.But it wasn’t as simple as that. Teams that pass heavily tend to do so for a reason. Namely, because they have a skilled quarterback and/or receivers. And so when Chase and I looked into it further, it became apparent that a 5 percent increase in team passing frequency didn’t necessarily lead to a 5 percent increase in individual receiving output. Instead, we found that it was more like a 2.5 percent increase — for any given increase in team passing volume, a player only saw half that increase in production.Our difficulty in pinning down the real effect of something so simple underscores just how ambiguous receiving stats can be. Complicating matters, receivers — unlike players at just about any other position — are competing with their own teammates for touches during a game, in real time. That makes them more like basketball players, and we know that a guy like Carmelo Anthony, who uses a lot of his team’s possessions, appears to exert an influence that goes beyond his personal stats. Having a receiver who commands extra attention seems like an obvious benefit to a team — but it’s difficult to prove that’s true.Not that it’s stopped statisticians from trying. The most commonly cited advanced receiving statistics are generated by Football Outsiders, whose Defense-adjusted Value Over Average (DVOA) metric tracks a team’s passing success on plays where a given player was targeted by the quarterback as the intended receiver. Measuring performance on a per-opportunity basis is rooted in the traditions of baseball’s sabermetrics, where discrete events can easily be identified as opportunities for specific players. But football is much more fluid than baseball, so we run into a curious phenomenon: By getting an opportunity — even an unsuccessful one — a receiver could be demonstrating a positive in-game influence, if not simply by stretching the defense and opening up opportunities for teammates.Some of this phenomenon also is rooted in Bayes’ theorem. Since coaches and quarterbacks both have strong incentives to funnel targets to their most talented receivers, the very act of being targeted for a pass is evidence of a player’s quality as an offensive threat. Because of this, looking at per-target metrics like catch rate and DVOA may miss the bigger picture of a player’s full on-field value. Those metrics aren’t taking into account how a receiver is shaping the game even when he’s not directly involved in a successful play.And then there’s the matter of adjusting for the quality of a receiver’s teammates, and quantifying how much his conventional numbers truly lead to better team outcomes. A year ago, I took a very rudimentary step in that direction by computing With Or Without You (WOWY) scores for historical receivers. Essentially, WOWY measures whether all of the quarterbacks who played with a given receiver were more efficient5According to Adjusted Net Yards Per Attempt (ANY/A) versus the league average. over their collective careers6After adjusting for aging effects. with him or without him. This is, in some ways, a more pertinent question to ask about a receiver — forget individual yardage, is he associated with a more efficient passing offense? But that question isn’t perfect either: It requires using an entire team’s passing-efficiency data, which can be noisy from season to season.Regardless, most of the usual suspects come out looking good by WOWY. For instance, Randy Moss, whose statistical sway over his quarterbacks was legendary, boasts a +1.1 WOWY,7Meaning the average True Receiving Yard gained in Moss’s career came on a pass from a QB whose ANY/A was 1.1 higher with Moss than without him. which ranks second only to Rod Smith’s8Whose influence on John Elway’s numbers was also very notable. among players with 10,000 career True Receiving Yards. And Tim Brown (the long-time Oakland Raiders receiver whom the committee did not select despite better individual receiving statistics than Reed) also ranks among the top WOWY receivers ever at +0.7.Reed’s WOWY, however, comes out tied for second-worst among players with 10,000 lifetime TRY. Despite his impressive raw (and adjusted) receiving numbers, he wasn’t associated with better play from his quarterbacks when they were throwing to him. How much of this merits a serious indictment of Reed as a player isn’t completely clear, but the Hall of Fame isn’t even having that discussion using new metrics.(Brown’s resume, on the other hand, was more impressive by every standard that doesn’t involve the postseason. And while 71 percent of Reed’s career yardage came on passes from Hall of Famer Jim Kelly, Brown put up his superior numbers with an aging Rich Gannon, Jeff Hostetler, Jeff George, Jay Schroeder and Vince Evans at quarterback.)Certainly the challenge of interpreting receiving data, especially across different eras of the game’s history, presents a daunting task to those seeking to fairly analyze Hall of Fame candidates. But the solution to the Hall’s wide receiver logjam isn’t to ignore the data entirely. It’s to dream up inventive ways of answering the pertinent questions about a player’s qualifications. Advanced analytics attempt to answer fundamental questions about a player’s actual on-field influence. Last I checked, that’s what’s supposed to put a player in the Hall of Fame. read more