The 4K War: Thoughts on the Future of Video Resolutions

first_img8K cameras exist, so is 4K too late to the party?When talking about 4K resolutions, it’s interesting to do a quick look back over the accelerated growth of high-resolution video during the last decade…Remember when you bought your first HD camera? It may have been about 10 or 15 years ago and it probably only recorded in 720p resolution. 720 resolution is over twice as small as its 1080 counterpart (Wikipedia), but experienced initial popularity for it’s lower price point (on equipment/sets) and smaller file size (for editing and compression).But as the cost of televisions and cameras continued to drop through the 2000’s, broadcasters scrambled to get the higher quality 1080 video to their customers. By 2010 the majority of HD broadcasts were in 1080i. This demand for higher quality has left 720 as an outdated HD format.Now, fast-forward to 2014 and there are some striking similarities between 720 and 4K. Namely, that both 4K and 720 were introduced into markets that already possessed superior video formats.The 4K WarSince 2003, 4K cameras have been available for filmmakers. Nonetheless, there has been a general push-back against the induction of 4K into mainstream film and TV production. Unavoidable problems, including the high cost of 4K TV monitors and the even higher cost of 4K cameras, have made Ultra-HD difficult to sell to the public.However, in recent years some 4K monitors have dipped below $1,000 dollars making them ‘affordable’ to consumers. 4K film cameras have also become increasingly affordable, with some now going for less than $3,000 dollars.That being said, simply having the viewing technology isn’t enough. Broadcasters need to be able to send 4K signals through their networks and that technology is not yet available in America. So as it stands right now, broadcasting 4K in America is a future endeavor that will probably not be a reality until 2016 (via Multichannel). Coincidentally, 2016 is the same year Japanese broadcasting company NHK is set to test 8K resolution satellite broadcasting. NHK predicts that by 2020 they will be broadcasting in 8K resolution. So what does this mean for you and your shiny new 4K camera?4K Longevity4K is likely to be a national broadcasting standard from 2016 to 2020 giving it at least 4 years of dominance in the market (via multichannel). For some filmmakers 4 years of exposure to 4K may likely result in buying 4K cameras – even if they don’t have a 4K monitor. But consumers, who replace their TVs usually once every 10 years (via soundandvision), are less likely to experience 4K in the 4-5 years of it’s standardized broadcasting. If history repeats itself, as it often does, than 4K broadcasting will only last about a third as long as 720p broadcasting (via Oldradio).This doesn’t mean you need to wait until 2020 to buy a new camera. 4K is quickly becoming more of a standard and within the next 2 years we can expect it to be the norm for most professional video productions. So your new Blackmagic 4K isn’t out of date yet, but as a filmmaker you can probably expect about 4 more years of production before 8K consumer cameras roll around. Besides 8K cameras already exist and are smaller than the Blackmagic 4K.What do you think? Is 4K going to be here a while or will it be quickly replaced by 8K? Share your thoughts in the comments below.last_img read more

Variety show in Karnataka

first_imgUB City, the glittering new landmark in BangaloreGurgling stream, scenic waterfall, thick coffee plantations, winding road: as the words and phrases do a slow ticker parade in the head, you can’t help feeling it all sounds like something out of a cheesy brochure. But the idyllic Falling Waters coffee estate that we’re talking about, deep in Coorg district, does seem to wear the words and phrases as if it rightfully belongs there. Yet, behind them, it also has that smug smirk, the one that says, “You ain’t seen nothing yet!”And just what that is unfolds quite dramatically: up a steep curving path flanked by tall trees, liberally littered with smooth, round pebbles, the 4WD makes a groaning climb and stops in the midst of what can only be called Tarzan’s training ground, enigmatically called Now or Never Land. For the sake of convenience, it’s called a jungle gym, but what it actually is, is a series of ropes and ropeways comprising bridges, walkways, planked tunnels, cables, ropes, planks and bamboo strips suspended across trees many, many feet above the ground and providing that instant kick to the gut to get the adrenaline flowing in super-quick speed. A bit like an improvised army obstacle course. The latest addition to the sudden spurt in activity-based tourism that is sweeping across the State.Kenneth, who’s set up the place along with his wife Sanjana on their 75-acre estate, declares in his deep British accent: “You can do the ordinary course in about two-three hours, and you’ll enjoy it.” Oh and by the way, just so Rambo fans won’t be disappointed, there’s quadbiking, paint ball and rifle shooting. So if you are not into adventure activity, but, on the other hand, have a particularly pesky boss, this is a good place to vent all the frustrations! And then perhaps put your feet up at the Green Hills Estate, a beautiful 19th-century bungalow which sits amidst acres of coffee plantations and is run by the Neemrana group as a ‘non-hotel’ hotel just outside Virajpet in Coorg.Adrenaline surgeWhite water rafting on KabiniAt the other end of the State, what’s been making waves, literally, is the enormous interest in white water rafting on the River Kali near Dandeli. It is certainly the focus of the more serious enthusiasts as river rafting is possible for almost nine months of the year, and also because higher grades (read more dangerous and treacherous) of river rafting are possible here. On the other hand, both Cauvery (in Bheemeshwari and in Coorg) and Sita offer lower grades (including for beginners).Kenko, the fish spaIn recent years though, water-sport junkies have kicked up the adrenaline-pumping factor some more with an activity they call canyoning. If the Nevada desert comes to mind, then you could be very near the mark, but what is absolutely essential is the presence of a waterfall, just to make things that much more interesting. Canyoning involves trekking up to the point where a waterfall jumps off and then rappelling or abseiling down the face of fall. Watching this can give you panic attacks, but hardcore sports enthusiasts insist it is just adding a bit of drama to ordinary rappelling.Body blissAt the Serai Spa in ChikmagalurBut there’s only so much activity that one can take, before wanting to calm the mind and body. And what better place to do it than at a spa. Over the last couple of years, a number of spas have opened not just in Bangalore but across the state. The Serai Spa in Chikmagalur is one of those places where the visitor arrives and then hands herself over to the tranquillity of the place. Set amidst rolling coffee plantations, the spa is so ideally located that it does sound like a figment of somebody’s fertile imagination until one actually sees it. But if Chikmagalur seems far away, then a couple of interesting spa options in Bangalore should do the trick. Kenko is for the adventurous, as its fish spa takes a bit of getting used to. On the other hand, the reflexology sessions along side are both relaxing and invigorating. But if you are in the mood for something regular yet different, try refreshing Hawaiian massages at White Mantra or indulge in chocolate massages offered by Pittstop Salon and Spa.Capital drawsNext time you are in Bangalore, sample molecular gastronomyHaving soothed into calmness, it is time to get back to the bright lights of Bangalore, to satiate the gourmet in oneself. Last year alone, Bangalore saw a spurt of fine-dining restaurants. And leading the pack is Caperberry, which specialises in European, especially Spanish cuisine, but more importantly, has familiarised Indians with the concept of molecular gastronomy. Here, scary words like degustation and deconstruction are bandied about frequently, but there’s nothing to fear, and the last vestiges of any trepidation will be banished by the food that Chef Abhijit Saha dishes out. If it is something closer to home that you are looking for, then try Kebabs and Kurries at ITC’s latest addition to the city, the Royal Gardenia, where the menu comprises the best dishes from ITC’s signature brands such as Peshawari and Dum Pukht. Or if it is just a spot of relaxation, then head for a coffee at the Cubbon Pavilion. Set amidst lush greenery, a breezy ambience, hanging gardens and water bodies, either the meal or the coffee is just an excuse to be there.If the urge to splurge overtakes, the place to head to is Vittal Mallya Road. Overenthusiastic shoppers have christened it Bangalore’s Rodeo Drive, since every major Indian designer has presence here. The Collective is a good place for men’s clothing and accessories, and stocks many international brands.For women, Fuel on Cunningham Road is a good option. Down the road, UB City is all about glamour and flamboyance with outlets by high-end global brands such as Cavalli, Burberry, Louis Vuitton, Ferragamo, TAG, Tod’s and Estee Lauder to name a few. This is also the place for some great Northwest frontier food at Khansama or Italian at Toscano. And if all the shopping wears you out, you can indulge in another relaxing session at Angsana Spa located in Oakwood Premier, the line of luxury serviced apartments inside UB City.Hard Rock Cafe in BangaloreAfter an afternoon of shopping and spa, if you are perhaps in the mood for some intellectual activity, then the National Gallery of Modern Art, opened recently, is a good place to imbibe some arty thoughts. Bangalore got its own branch recently, and is housed in the beautiful Manikyavelu Mansion amidst lush greenery. While the permanent collection comprises works by the masters, frequently changing exhibitions showcase an eclectic range–from photographs of Satyajit Ray to avant-garde works by young artists.Bar codeLiquid, the lounge bar at Ista BangaloreFor those who prefer a much more aggressive start to their evening (read, serious partying) a host of options come to mind. There’s never an evening when the Hard Rock Cafe is not rocking. The ancient stone building lends a fabulous backdrop to the legendary rock memorabilia and thumping music. Equally stunning in ambience is Shiro’s in UB City with its towering Buddha statue, bas-relief carvings, sculpture, the sprawling terrace, foot-tapping music and the smacking pan-Asian cuisine. But both Hard Rock Cafe and Shiro’s can get crowded, even on weekdays, and if you are kind who likes to chill out, then Liquid is the place. It is a restful lounge bar on a terrace inside Ista, and speaks of space, luxury and fun, all in the same breath. Across town, at the Zuri Whitefield’s lounge bar Bling, the decor could have easily lapsed into kitsch but has been done so cleverly as to merit the tag of sophisticated chic, and goes down well with the cocktails and the energetic sound factor. Next door is Latitude, a more functional option, though done in lovely colours and water bodies and is located inside the lobby of Vivanta by Taj at Bangalore’s International Technology Park. And then there’s Blue Bar in Taj West End, which has suddenly reinvented itself and become such a crowd puller that it is a struggle just to get in.Heritage on trackA novel way of completing the tourist circuit in Karnataka is a ride on the Golden Chariot, the State’s first luxury tourist train. It starts in Bangalore and makes its way to Goa with stops at Mysore, Hampi, Pattadakal, Badami, Shravanabelagola and Aihole. With interiors inspired by the State’s rich architectural heritage–the bar, for instance, is modelled on the Mysore Palace–this is nothing short of a deluxe hotel on wheels.Whether it is one or even all of your senses that’s crying for attention, there’s something here. We might be biased, but even the most jaded traveller will perk up with what Karnataka has come up.advertisementadvertisementadvertisement Fact fileFalling Water Estate/Now or Never Land Chelavara Falls, Cheyandane PO South Coorg; tel: (08274) 323 023/(080) 3201 8857; www.noworneverland.comGreen Hills Estate, Virajpet, South Coorg; tel: (08274) 254 790; www.neemranahotels.comKali Adventure Camp Dandeli; Old Magazine House Forest Camp, Ganeshgudi; tel: (080) 2559 7021/4/5; www.junglelodges.comSitanadi Nisarga Dhama (Sita River Nature Camp) Hebri, Agumbe; bookings through Adreno, (080) 2314 3388, www.adreno.orgNature Admire, (0)96116 47900, www.natureadmire.comJungle Lodges and Resorts Bheemeshwari and Galibore, near Mutatti village; tel: (080) 2559 7021/4/5; www.junglelodges.comThe Serai Spa Mugthihalli Post 577 133, K M Road, Chikmagalur; tel: (08262) 224 903-14; www.theserai.inKenko Reflexology and Fish Spa 36, Vittal Mallya Road, Bangalore; tel: (080) 4211 0304; www.kenko.sgPittstop Salon and Day Spa 16, Jaladarshini Layout, near MS Ramaiah Hospital, New BEL Road, Bangalore; tel: (080) 4210 7601/02/04Caperberry in BangaloreCaperberrry 121, Dickenson Road, 48/1, Ground Floor, The Estate, Bangalore; tel: (080) 2559 4567; www.caperberry.inITC Royal Gardenia 1, Residency Road, Bangalore; tel: (080) 2211 9898; www.itcwelcomgroup.inThe Collective, Vittal Mallya Road, tel: (080) 6767 8888; www.thecollective.inIn UB City (Vittal Mallya Road, Bangalore) Khansama Tel: 4111 4499 Toscano Tel: 4173 8800; Shiro’s Tel: 4173 8864Oakwood Premier Tel: 2234 8888Fuel, The Fashion Store 32, The Hatworks Boulevard, Cunningham Road, Bangalore; tel: (080) 4097 7171; www.fuelthestore.comNational Gallery of Modern Art Manikyavelu Mansion, Palace Road, Bangalore; tel: (080) 2220 1027; Rock Cafe St Mark’s Road, Bangalore; tel: (080) 4124 2222; www.hardrock.comLiquid Ista Hotel, Ulsoor, Bangalore; tel: (080) 2555 8888; www.istahotels.comBling, the lounge bar at Zuri WhitefieldBling Zuri Whitefield, Bangalore; tel: (080) 6665 7272; www.thezurihotels.comLatitude Vivanta by Taj, ITPB, Whitefield Road, Bangalore; tel: (080) 6693 3333; www.tajhotels.comThe Blue Bar at Taj West End has reinvented itselfBlue Bar Taj West End, Race Course Road, Bangalore; tel: (080) 6660 5660Green Hills Estate, the new Neemrana hotel in CoorgGolden Chariot Contact The Luxury Trains, Connaught Circus, New Delhi; tel: (011) 4286 6600; read more

I think Im going to die Cat Lake awaits reprieve from mould

first_imgWillow Fiddler – Justin BrakeAPTN NewsLucas Mezzetay chases a puck on the hard-packed snow, just up the road from his family’s home.A silver net with white mesh sits at one end of the impromptu rink. At the other end, a beat up Folger’s coffee container.Mezzetay and eight other boys are silhouetted by a majestic northern sunset behind them.Nearby, three young girls laugh as they run down the road.They’re playing Knock, Knock, Ginger.“You knock on random people’s doors and then run away,” one of them explains, chuckling.For now, the children are free.But when their games end they will return to homes infested with toxic mould.Where, instead of a safe place of refuge, each breath risks potential illness.Recent government and independent inspections confirmed what some in the Ojibway community of more than 500 have known for years.Mould is everywhere. Sometimes detectable. Often not.It’s in the walls. Under the floors. Behind appliances. Inside the ceilings.Little do the children know that in a matter of days a white man will arrive by plane, and with the stroke of a pen ease some of their families’ illnesses and worries.Lucas Mezzetay and other children play road hockey in Cat Lake. (Justin Brake/APTN)Indigenous Services Canada Minister (ISC) Seamus O’Regan will sign a final agreement with Cat Lake leaders, which members of the band council tell APTN News could happen as early as Thursday.In January Cat Lake leaders declared a state of emergency and said they may have to evacuate the community in the absence of immediate relief for their housing and health crisis.In a Feb. 7 interview with APTN, Chief Matthew Keewaykapo called the situation “critical” and “life-threatening,” adding the community has “lost elders from respiratory problems, we lost children.”Chief of Cat Lake says Indigenous Services minister needs to see crisis firsthandMore than a month later a deal between the First Nation and Canada is expected to reflect the terms set out in an interim agreement signed by leaders on Feb. 21 in Thunder Bay, more than 400 kilometres south of Cat Lake.The community will get 15 new housing units, have 21 others repaired or renovated, and see 10 mobile homes brought into the remote area for short-term relief as families await their homes to be made safe.Some will get reprieve from the mould. Others will have to wait for help at another time.States of emergency. Crises.It wasn’t always this way.“He thought he was going to die”Sarah Mezzetay, Lucas’s grandmother, hopes she will be one of the lucky few to get a new home once Keewaykapo signs the agreement.Weeks ago she was in a London, Ont. hospital with her 8-year-old grandson, who was so sick he couldn’t speak.Lucas was medevacced out of the community to hospitals in Sioux Lookout and Thunder Bay before being transported to London.“He never woke up for 10 days — he just sleeps,” Mezzetay recalls, seated in the living room of her small four-bedroom home, where she lives with three of her adult children and four of her grandchildren.Before he went silent, when he was in Sioux Lookout, Lucas told his grandmother, “‘I think I’m going to die,’” Mezzetay says.“And I said to him, you’re not going to die.“I was just scared to lose him,” she says, holding back tears, “because I love my grandkids.”Doctors told Mezzetay Lucas had a reaction to his medication. But Mezzetay believes it was his exposure to mould in their home.The same source, she says, of her three-year-old granddaughter’s eczema, and of the asthma that is preventing Mezzetay from working.Lucas and his grandmother, Sarah Mezzetay, in their Cat Lake home. (Justin Brake/APTN)Mezzetay is a full-time homemaker who helps elders in the community. Her husband passed away a few years ago, which makes her a single mother and grandmother.The Feb. 21 interim agreement between Cat Lake and the federal government contains a list of houses to be replaced or repaired based on the results of home inspections.Mezzetay’s house number isn’t on that list, although a recent inspection found mould in her living room, kitchen, bathroom and basement, while noting “potential” for more mould behind walls and under the subfloors.Joyce Cook, a Cat Lake councillor who has taken a lead on the housing crisis in her community, says the band has asked Canada to provide the community with four additional mobile homes, on top of the agreement, under Jordan’s Principle.“We need him out of the house right away,” Cook says, speaking of Lucas’s situation. “And the other kids that were seen by the specialists will need to go into those homes immediately, too. There’s no exception.”If the government provides the First Nation with new housing under Jordan’s Principle, it would be a first, says Cindy Blackstock of the First Nations Caring Society.Blackstock says while requests have been made under Jordan’s Principle for home renovations to support First Nations children with disabilities, she’s not aware of previous requests to have safe, new homes provided due to mould infestations.“In my view, Jordan’s Principle provides services and products to children that are identified as necessary to meet their needs and best interests,” says Blackstock.“It is not up to Canada to second guess professionals on the ground, so if a mould-free home is identified as necessary, either short- or long-term, it is up to Canada to provide it.”APTN asked ISC for comment on Cat Lake’s Jordan’s Principle request, but did not receive a response by the time of publication.Last month, two doctors—a paediatric respirologist and an infectious disease specialist—visited the community to assess sick children.They produced a report for ISC and the band, but the results haven’t been made public.David Miller, a toxicologist and chemistry professor at Carleton University, is a leading expert on mould in indoor environments and has worked with northern Ontario communities.He says those allergic to fungi are most at risk, “because if you are exposed to them you’re going to be sick all the time.”His second concern is for children, “because they’re our future.”Miller testified before the federal government’s finance committee last year, when he explained how federally funded houses were largely insufficient for northern climates, and that more housing is needed to remedy overcrowding.“The houses are not appropriate for the environment, and the way they’re run leads to the conditions that you see,” he says, explaining the government offers little support on how to maintain the houses in the northern climate.Seated next to his grandmother, Lucas plays on a smartphone. He’s quiet, looks up and smiles every few minutes — but doesn’t say much.It’s a different upbringing than his grandmother’s.Mezzetay was born “in the bush,” she says. Like many in the community, she was raised in a log cabin. Her father was a trapper.Though they lived without amenities like plumbing and electricity, Mezzetay says their homes weren’t mould-ridden.Most houses in the community were built in the 1970s and ‘80s. They lack adequate insulation and ventilation, which creates conditions for mould.Most houses in Cat Lake were built, insufficiently, in the 1970s and ’80s. (Justin Brake/APTN)For at least a couple decades now community leaders say they’ve been trying to get the government’s attention.Last August, ISC sent Environmental Public Health Officers to the community. They inspected 107 homes.Fifty-three were found to have no visible mould, ISC spokesperson Rola Tfaili said in an email to APTN.Forty-eight had “a small amount of visible mould present, four homes had a moderate amount of visible mould present, and two homes had extensive visible mould present.”Following the inspections, ISC provided the results to community leaders, including “advice on how to control and remediate any mould found in the homes,” said Tfaili.With dozens of children and youth sick with skin conditions and lung infections, according to Cat Lake leadership, they knew something wasn’t right. So they requested more thorough inspections.In mid-December the government funded third-party inspectors, who turned up different results.Keewaykapo said those inspections found 87 homes with “severe mould.” That number later rose to almost 100, after further inspections.The state of emergency was declared a few weeks later.On Feb. 18, Nashie Oombash—a 48-year-old mother and grandmother from Cat Lake, and Sarah Mezzetay’s sister—died in a Thunder Bay hospital.Oombash’s family has said her death was the result of health complications from living in a mould-infested home.Three days later the federal government promised help.Confusion, uncertainty over who whose homes will be made safeOn March 7, Cook went on community radio to update the community on the band’s dealings with Canada.It was the first time many in the community heard details of the interim agreement.Cook told APTN that day the band was still negotiating for more than the government had committed to.She said virtually every home in the community required mould remediation.At the Feb. 21 interim agreement signing, Cook and Keewaykapo thanked O’Regan for his commitment to the community, calling it “a start.”In a video posted to his Twitter account, O’Regan said the feds were committing to “57 housing units…36 of them are new and new portable units.”It is critical to work directly with Cat Lake leadership to address the housing and health concerns for residents, and to do so quickly.That is exactly what we have done in signing an agreement today. Here is what it means for all of us— Seamus O’Regan (@SeamusORegan) February 21, 2019While in Cat Lake last week, APTN learned 11 of the new housing units O’Regan cited in his Feb. 21 tweet are already under construction and incomplete due to funding shortages.They include a seven-plex building, funded under Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation, and two duplexes.“Indeed the 11 units are part of the total number of new constructions as announced in [O’Regan’s] Statement,” ISC spokesperson William Olscamp confirmed by email.“However, the funding for them is not included as part of the new funding mentioned in the statement.”Despite knowing about the housing crisis, the government withheld the second instalment of almost $750,000 to complete the seven-plex, pending receipt of Cat Lake’s financial statements for the fiscal year 2017-18.The interim agreement promises to release those funds once Canada receives the paperwork.Olscamp confirmed ISC received the documents on March 7.The interim agreement promises supplies, including the 10 mobile units, to the community within two weeks.Yet the materials have not yet arrived — and warm weather threatens to shut down the 150-kilometre winter road to the community.Cat Lake leaders are also looking to the provincial government for help.A source with Ontario’s Ministry of Indigenous Affairs told APTN Cat Lake has requested the province’s help building a playground and bike park for youth, and a sawmill.But the source said Minister Greg Rickford is not entertaining the requests as they don’t help with the community’s immediate needs.Cook told APTN Wednesday that “everything we ask for has a reason to it.”She said a playground and bike park would give children and youth a place to go.“Maybe for [government] it’s a park, but for the kids it’s away from their homes for the time being while houses are being built,” she says.“You have to have a small mind to think it’s not reasonable to ask for such a thing.”Cook said a sawmill would give community members a way to build their own cabins.“There’s a lot of people that would be able to use that if they wanted to build a log cabin, in the community or in the bush,” she explained.This seven-plex was built with CMHC funding, but has not been completed because the government withheld the funding for its completion despite knowing of the housing crisis. (Justin Brake/APTN)Last month NDP MP Charlie Angus and NDP MPP Sol Mamakwa, both of whose ridings include Cat Lake, visited the community to see the housing crisis first hand.They saw the federal government has added another nurse to the community’s nursing station staff.But Mamakwa is pressing the Doug Ford government to help out, too.He wants the province to send doctors to the community until the health issues are addressed.“It’s got to be more than just a one-off visit,” he says. “There needs to be a continuous follow-up with the health of the people.”He said the community’s request for a playground and bike park “certainly makes sense from a practical point of view,” and that the feds and province need to do a better job co-ordinating a response.“It’s really critical that the province be involved, and not just on the outside looking in and hoping the feds respond.“We’re talking about human beings here.”Cook said details of the final agreement are almost done, and the band is awaiting the government’s decision on the Jordan’s Principle application.On March 7, the Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS), which represents more than 3,300 paediatricians across Canada, wrote a letter to O’Regan saying the Feb. 21 interim agreement “does not go nearly far enough.”“Like all children in Canada, the children of Cat Lake have a right to healthy home environments where they can live, play, and grow,” reads the letter signed by CPS President Catherine Farrell and chair of the organization’s First Nations, Inuit and Métis Health Committee, Radha Jetty.“The consequences of failing to meet this basic need are both acute and chronic, and will affect their current health and future life chances.”Bobby Oombash wants to raise his children in a safe home on Oombash Point, where his father and grandfather raised their families. (Justin Brake/APTN)Bobby Oombash’s family is at the top of the list for new homes, according to the interim agreement.The 30-year-old father of five and his wife are raising their children in the small, two-bedroom home where Bobby grew up.With both of his brothers deceased, Oombash has taken on the responsibility of hunting and trapping to feed his family, including his parents, who passed on their home to him and now live next door.But Oombash’s house has poor insulation, and inspectors discovered a leaking pipe in the walls.“Sometimes I have to keep my fire going all night just to keep the house warm,” he told APTN last week, seated next to the wood stove in his home.“’Cause once it gets cold the floor gets really cold, and that’s how [the children] get sick.”Oombash still hasn’t seen the inspection results.A copy obtained by APTN says inspectors found extensive mould in the home.“If I had mould in this house I don’t think we would live in here,” Oombash said. “That’s what I was telling my parents — if there was mould in here I probably would’ve burnt it down already, anyway,” he said rhetorically.Mamakwa, who is the Critic for Indigenous Affairs, said in a March 7 letter to Ford the province “has a moral and legal obligation to act now to address the health crisis in Cat Lake.“As a signatory to Treaty 9, the province is responsible for health in First Nations communities,” he wrote.Cat Lake housing crisis. There’s no jurisdictionional ping pong here. Ontario is a signatory to Treaty 9. Cat Lake is part of Treaty 9. No more games @dougford @gregrickford #onpoli #cndpoli Housing is a #humanright #indigenous #wearepeopletoo— Sol Mamakwa MPP (@solmamakwa) February 8, 2019While there’s a disconnect between past promises and the reality on the ground in Cat Lake, families like Oombash’s are trying hard to avoid further disruption.If he gets a new house, Oombash wants to pass it on to his children.“If my house gets demolished, I asked if they could rebuild a house here, because I don’t want to leave this point,” he said, explaining his grandfather lived in the same spot, a desirable location from which you can see both sides of the lake.Oombash said he plans to teach his kids how to raise their own families. And he wants them to be able to do it in the safety and comfort of their family home.“What I know is what I want them to do, too,” he said. “I pass my traditional things on to them.” read more