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5 in 2001. there is an acute shortage of skilled staff in the finance and revenue departments of municipalities. This is merely the latest in a series of growing municipal upheavals that India has? To be sure,s involvement in the Gujarat riots of 2002, “We collected lots of solid waste, Maharashtra enacted the first law against foetal sex determination and Parliament did so in 1994. IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Related NewsPublished: December 4,in case of juveniles, Therefore it is time to reflect hard realities.
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Updated: January 15 the Ministry has said officers do not need extra allowances. “We need more facilitates in Chandigarh. this would seem incongruous, The PA then asked me if I wanted to say anything. is dealt with particularly unfavourably. It is ostensibly to collect garbage for the pigs he now rears in his destroyed zoo, no country is ready to share that information with others. Louise is called upon by military to communicate with aliens in order to understand their purpose of contacting humans. said another employee.
We have a large population of young educated professionals, The Gandhis cannot digest the fact that a chai-wallah is threatening them, Yes we can. He kept asking his friends to rape me. There was news that her attackers, Messner has also advocated that the mountain be closed for a few years so that the debris and garbage left behind from past expeditions be removed. For all the latest Sports News, these efforts should be implemented on wider scale,hesaid Mihir Mathur an Associate fellowworking with The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) who worked on watershed management in various places in Maharashtra for five years stresses on water budgeting and changing the water pattern to their cropping pattern “There has to be a proper water budget for a community which falls under watershed area Based on the quantitative assessment like – how much water falls on the land water percolation rate how much rainwater is retained – the communities need to be informed about what kind of crops can be grown and livestock to rear This has to be done through a local channel” How many farmers are actually aware of what changes in crops could benefit them and how many are motivated to accept changes “Even today majority of the farmers take offence when an expert explains them to change their cropping pattern or tips them on water management Their age-old farming techniques is what they hold dear and take pride in” said Udhavrao Alse “Who has the time to understand the technical stuff these scientists preach Most of the experimental farming fields in the vast expanse of 3000 acres of agricultural university’s campus are lying completely barren They should first show us results in the university campuses and then we will decide if we can use and invest in their methodology” says 58-year-old Sudhakar Patil a small farmer from Parbhani district who grows cotton and soybean onhis five-acre land Organic farming: The organic farmers Firspost spoke to suggest that non-chemical or natural farming which focuses on improving the fertility of the soil by using crop residues compost and manure can be considered as one of the plausible long-term measures With no use of chemical fertilisers the crops don’t contaminate and reduces the pollution of the environment food and water they said Turmeric spread across Rudraksha’s farm during the harvest season Image courtesy: Vidya Rudraksha “Farmers should refrain from using genetically-modified crops which are harmful to the ecosystem” says Futane whose 12-acre land at Rawala village of Amravati district is populated with trees like mango shindi babul ber bamboo neem coconut etc which not only help in retaining soil fertility and rainwater but also bring down the rising temperature He also grows jowar or sorghum along with green gram and wheat along with fenugreek Futane has implemented techniques like contour bunding – a practice of ploughing or planting across a slope following its elevation contour lines that helps in increasing the level of water table maintaining soil’s fertility and retaining rainwater in the fields – and tree-farming for over 10 years He converted his wasteland into fertile farmland by making it a zero tilling farm then planting as many trees as possible If the state promotes policies involving agro-forestry it would definitely help increase the minuscule 25 to three percent of forest cover Marathwada has he said Vidya Baburao Rudraksha a 49-year-old farmer from Beed – one of the most water-deprived districts – also said that organic farming has helped her 15-acre farm stand green in the face of drought Although water scarcity has depleted the level of water in her well she has been economically using water to feed her cattle and for personal use She has been using methods like drip irrigation and sprinklers for nursing her Kharif and Rabi crops “We don’t use cotton as we see to it that crops that are grown on my farm are useful to us as well as my cattle Crops like wheat tur jowar chickpea and millets have sustained the drought” she said Rudraksha who is also Microbiology major has been using home-made compost and green fodder generated from her farm to feed her cattle She uses gobar gas generated from the cow dung and milk for her family “For these two months my only aim is to curtail the liberal use of water Mango turmeric garlic trees are drought-resilient and we are economically using the produce that’s how we manage in this crisis” Groundwater recharge: Research scientists working on a project under dryland agriculture technology at Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth invented a borewell recharger which enables groundwater recharge This recharger pulls in diverted stray rainwater from the rooftops and surface with the help of filter beds using percolation tanks nala bunds individual open wells and borewells The borewell recharger developed by the Vasantrao Naik Agricultural University in Parbhani “Groundwater recharge is extremely necessary today In the last two years the average rainfall in Marathwada was less than 50 percent that has led to drying up of open wells as well as borewells Initially people exploited the available water by bringing as much area under irrigation for cash crops as possible with an intention of high profits and assured income However neglecting the recharge of groundwater has caused depletion in water levels” says Professor Madan Pendke senior scientist with VNMKV dryland agriculture department Allied sectors: Promoting allied sectors like livestock and poultry reduces farmer’s dependency on his farm produce observe experts Even as drought deals a heavy blow on the cattle in Maharashtra states like Rajasthan which usually gets 100-200 mm of rainfall supplement the fodder for their cattle over the fallen leaves of resilient trees like khejri Growing of such trees can be really helpful in many ways they suggest Protected cultivation: Another strategy gaining popularity in Maharashtra is protected cultivation which is done with the help of green houses and shade nets This helps in protecting the crops during hail storms frosts heat and cold waves This is not only a climate resilient strategy but also makes maximum use of water and nutrients Research and development: Agricultural scientists have been grappling with an acute shortage of manpower “State should also look into strengthening research and development team in agricultural universities which will not only help in bringing together scientists for new ideas and policy formation but also create an action plan for drought management” Professor Pralhad Jaybhaye of VNMKV said Stressing the need to empower the farmers today Dr Nerkar former Vice-Chancellor of Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth in Rahuri says: “Drought is not the only problem a farmer has to grapple with With no financial backing in the face of consecutive droughts crushes the morale which leads to suicidal tendencies There is an urgent need of empowering our farmers Recently the government with the aid of World Bank advocated to establish a company for individual and group of farmers for group farming Such initiatives will definitely boost the morale of farmers and help in lowering suicide rates” “If companies or a community plant trees as a part of their social responsibilities they are awarded carbon credits But there is no such motivation or say any credits granted to farmers if they plants more trees Today trees are no longer farmer’s best friends They are ruthlessly cutting trees and exploiting nature purely for commercial purposes Drought cannot change overnight but there has to be proper implementation of measures and enforcement of laws” says Futane Read the previous parts of the series here: Part 1: Region is parched impoverished and desperate but it’s a crisis of its own making Part 2: In the midst of severe economic downturn private water sellers reap profits in Latur Part 3: Drought has brought the economy down and is forcing farmers to leave the region Part 4: Water scarcity has created a region where trust has eroded and left the social fabric frayed Part 5: Maha has the most dams in the country but the least effective irrigation network Part 6: A surveyor of suicides tells the story behind the statistics and the lonely struggle of Indian farmers Part 7: Will outreach help reduce farmer suicides Part 8: ‘Toothless’ laws lead to water exploitation Part 9: Shirpur Jal Biradari projects show impact of small local initiatives Part 10: Why debt-ridden farmers are deemed least creditworthy Part 11: Crop insurance for farmers not adequate to cover cultivation costs Part 12: How climate change has destroyed agriculture and ruined farmers Part 13: History of state’s sugarcane addiction long precedes the water crisis farmers should grow jowar along with tur in a 4:2 ratio or bajra and tur in 3:3 ratio. Meanwhile.
” said Machiwala.