ARCATA >> The Crabs went 10 for 10 in more than one way Saturday night.The Humboldt offense hit the 10-run mark — again. The Humboldt offense peppered U.S. Highway 101 — again. And with it, Humboldt’s season-high winning streak lived to see another day, as the Crabs’ offense delivered another big night in support of starting pitcher Aaron Herr in their 10-2 victory over the Menlo Park Legends — and 10th consecutive win overall — in front of 819 spectators at the Arcata Ball Park.“I think our …
What was this evolutionist thinking when he proposed that human language evolved out of the lip smacking and buzzing sounds made by monkeys?W. Tecumseh Fitch didn’t get any ridicule at all on Science Daily for proposing that “Monkey Lip Smacks Provide New Insights Into the Evolution of Human Speech.” Nor did he from PhysOrg, which dutifully reprinted the press release from University of Vienna that stated, “Intriguingly, chimpanzees also make communicative sounds with their lips, including both loud lip smacks and lip buzzes (‘raspberries‘).” The monkey on Fitch’s shoulder in the accompanying photo appears to be knocking on his master’s head, wondering, “Anybody home?”Fitch’s theory is not a hoot, the press release assures us. “Scientists have traditionally sought the evolutionary origins of human speech in primate vocalizations, such as monkey coos or chimpanzee hoots,” the article stated without describing whose tradition deserved respect. “But unlike these primate calls, human speech is produced using rapid, controlled movements of the tongue, lips and jaw.” Fitch did his grunt work using cineradiography to analyze the lip-smacking behavior of macaques. He found that the lips move faster than they do when monkeys howl. He did not explain, though, how non-vocal lip movements could be a precursor of language, since monkeys are still smacking and buzzing raspberries without having evolved more advanced oratory, despite having millions of years more time to evolve than their upright primate brethren presumably had. Didn’t they at least evolve envy?In his paper published by Current Biology (31 May 2012, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2012.04.055) with three colleagues, Fitch recognized his hunch has some missing links:Yet, there are striking differences between the two modes of expression, the most obvious of which is that lip-smacking lacks a vocal component (though a quiet consonant-like bilabial plosive or /p/ sound is produced when the lips smack together). Thus, the capacity to produce vocalizations during rhythmic vocal tract movements seen in speech seems to be a human adaptation. How can lip-smacking be related to speech if there is no vocal component? … Our data only address the evolution of vocal tract movements (the filter component) involved in speech production.It also cannot be tested:Because most traits involved in speech—the vocal production apparatus and the brain—do not fossilize, we are left with only the comparative method for investigating the evolution of speech. By comparing the behavior and biology of extant primates with humans, we can deduce the behavioral capacities of extinct common ancestors.The press release agreed, ending, “the origin of the ‘singing’ component of speech, which requires voluntary control over the larynx, remains mysterious.” Much more mysterious, yet unstated, would be how to evolve Shakespeare from lip-smacking.Update 6/7/2012: Nature reported on Fitch’s hypothesis, giving it no raspberries but a serving of whipped cream.Fitch did not do his job as a scientist. He should have considered all the alternative hypotheses. As usual, he ruled out intelligent design or creation from the get-go, but there are other evolutionary theories he could have tested without abandoning the Cult of the Bearded Buddha that requires all observations to be fit into the Grand Myth.He could have, for instance, tested the Raspberry Theory of Language that proposes language evolved from the other end of the digestive tract, another body part that produces buzzing sounds. Over millions of years, it is just as imaginable that an unguided process would give monkeys voluntary control over the pitch, duration and modulation of emitted signals, independent of the larynx. Another theory is the Hand-Under-the-Armpit Theory of Language. This proposes that meaningful signals (also independently of the larynx) made by pumping the arm over the hand inserted into the armpit evolved into middle-school boys communicating with one another.Perhaps it’s good Fitch didn’t consider these alternatives. We wouldn’t want to find his cineradiography going viral on YouTube.Fitch’s shallow reasoning is evident in that he completely ignored meaning (semantics). Meaning is orthogonal to signal. It’s conceivable that certain ordered lip-smacks or raspberries could be controlled to communicate S.O.S. The meaning of S.O.S., however, has nothing to do with the signalling method. The message could be communicated with flashlights, telegraph, knots on a rope, skywriting, eye blinks or any number of methods. Suggesting that lip smacking led to language is like saying that flashlights created Morse Code.Fitch’s hypothesis is also self-refuting. The language he employed in his paper, if considered seriously, has its roots in unguided processes of lip-smacking and the production of buzzing sounds by his ancestors’ lips. His readers are justified, therefore, by responding in kind.Save this latest evolutionary tale for the day of Darwinism’s spectacular collapse, when intelligent people will hoot and holler at the credulity of Darwinists. They may well communicate their disdain independent of the larynx, by rolling their eyes and circling their index fingers around their ear, unquestionably employing intelligent design to convey the purpose of their bodily signals. (Visited 25 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Cognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of… Related Posts 3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Now Tags:#enterprise#science Navigating Mood MapsThat was the same theme evoked by Margie Morris, a clinical psychologist employed by Intel, whose “Mood Map” projected a collection of images collected by Instagram onto a similar photo wall – and attempted to sense their mood.Traditional sentiment analysis works fairly well for text; describing a person as “awesome,” for example, is almost always a positive statement. But photos can be a much more difficult nut to crack for a computer, which may be unaware of the photo’s context. Morris’ project used some easy clues – hashtags – to try and sense the mood, while the color of the filter provided others.“Instead of a thumbs up / thumbs down, you’re trying to establish an emotional connection,” Morris said.The Mood Map does two things, Morris explained: it provides an emotional “map” of the photos, outlining them in a particular color, according to the assessed mood. But it also allows users to track the emotional path of a particular image depending on the mood of the user, and assign their own “mood” tag to the image itself.Context Is KingA number of other demos also attempted to provide context, typically in a more generic way. A handful of Intel researchers are working on projects to sense context from a device’s sensors, most often the phone. For example, if the Intel research framework senses a user’s phone moving (because its owner is out jogging, for example), it won’t ring a user’s desk phone for a scheduled conference call. A related social framework would “sniff” the phone’s microphone and try to determine if the user was in a car, then send him a voice message instead of a text so as not distract the driver. All of this would require the user’s permission, of course.The overall goal, Intel said, was to eliminate what author Madeline Ashby called our “hermit crab” relationship with technology, where our digital history is defined by the devices that we have used, used up and discarded.This not only has implications for conservationists, but consumers and manufacturers alike: forging an emotional connection between consumer and technology means that users will likely value and hold on to an electronic device far longer than they would otherwise.Photos by Mark Hachman. Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo… Dishing Out A Smart BowlTake, for example, the showcase exhibit: what Intel called “Display without Boundaries” – essentially an smart bowl. The display intelligently connected a video projector and Microsoft’s Kinect for Windows to create a projected image that interacted with the surface of the bowl. The bowl served as both a display and a controller. And the bowl not only sensed the user’s fingers, but photos could be “swiped” from the bowl to a more traditional wall-mounted display.“This could be my photo album, you know. I could touch those, bring them up on the wall, interact with them, enlarge them, this could be my photo wall,” said Carl Marshall, a graphics software architect and research scientist at Intel. The idea, he said, was not only to establish a display where ever it could be used, but to create an emotional connection between data and a physical object. Computers that simply do the sames things faster and faster are becoming boring. Been there, done that. But a device that can detect and interpret your emotions? Or intelligently organize a meeting, knowing that one of the participants is jogging at the time? That’s a more interesting proposition. Intel, perhaps surprisingly, is working on both.At the Intel Developer Forum this week, the chip giant has serious business on tap, presenting the latest iteration of its Core microprocessor line and laying out its software initiatives, including updates from its McAfee security division.On Monday, however, Intel debuted a book of science fiction stories. Dubbed Imaging the Future And Building It, the book includes a number of stories – from professional authors like Madeline Ashby and Karl Schroeder, plus more pedestrian efforts from analysts like Rob Enderle. But the most interesting bits come in the introduction – where Intel lays out its vision of the future.Over the last few years, Intel futurist Rob Johnson explains, Intel has been running a “futurecasting lab,” where the company whiteboards what the future will look like. The effects-based models help guide Intel’s product development; Intel is working on its 2019 model right now.Everything Changes In 2020In 2020, however, “something remarkable happens,” Johnson writes. “As we pass 2020, the size of meaningful computational power approaches zero.” In other words, with a microprocessor that small, you can put a computer in just about anything.“When you get intelligence that small, you can turn anything into a computer,” Johnson writes. “You could turn a table into a computer. All of a sudden, it’s possible to turn your shirt, your chair, even your own body into a computer.”And in some sense, that’s what Intel showed off in a series of demonstrations on Monday – intelligent interactions between various devices, some containing their own electronic eyes and ears. The goal was to use technology as a bridge between man and machine to facilitate context.If this sounds like the sort of blue-sky forecasting you might hear at an academic conference, you’re not far off. For years, Intel has employed a small team of anthropologists and other social scientists to translate what the company manufactures in its fabs into real-world technology. And this year it pushed into art. IT + Project Management: A Love Affair markhachman
John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Families in US enclave in north Mexico hold sad Thanksgiving LOOK: Iya Villania meets ‘Jumanji: The Next Level’ cast in Mexico Google honors food scientist, banana ketchup inventor and war hero Maria Orosa Pussycat Dolls set for reunion tour after 10-year hiatus With the 25-year-old Klisura leading the way, Cocolife has now won three in a row after starting the conference with back-to-back losses. Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Ateneo needs to learn from its mistakes, says captain Madayag Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university PLAY LIST 01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City CONTRIBUTED PHOTOIn her maiden conference last year, Sara Klisura set the Philippine Superliga record for most points in a game.The Serbian star, however, doesn’t plan on breaking any record in her second tour of duty in the PSL.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES MOST READ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC “No. I mean, my intention is only to play well and to help the team as much as I can and win as much as we can, so that is my motivation and my intention here,” said Klisura after leading Cocolife over her former team Foton, 25-19, 25-22, 25-18, on Saturday.The 6-foot-2 outside hitter, who scored a record-breaking 41 points on Nov. 26, 2017, also thinks it would be near impossible for her to eclipse her mark.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“If I break the record again that would be a miracle, but that’s not my goal this year,” she said smiling.Klisura, though, could be just downplaying her scoring capabilities. In the Asset Managers’ latest victory, she managed to hit 28 points with ease in just three sets. Typhoon ‘Tisoy’ threatens Games Read Next View comments
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd (ONGC) is looking for young Geo-scientists, Engineers, MBAs, and CAs/ICWAs with bright academic record to join the organization as Class-I executive (E-1) in the following disciplines – Geology, Geophysics, Reservoir, Chemistry, Programming, Production, Drilling, Cementing, Mechanical, Electrical, E&T, Instrumentation, Civil, Transport, Finance, HR, Materials Management, Medical & Security.The online registration to apply for the same began on August 4, 2012 and the last date to apply is August 26, 2012. The All India written test is scheduled for October 7, 2012.The pay scale will be in the grade of Rs. 24,900 – Rs 50,500 with an increment of 3% per year.Selection will be based on a written test, physical tests and a personal interview.For more details, click here
Whether it be a question about the 2011 World Cup, her role as coach of NSWCCC, or anything else you would like to know, send in your questions and we will ask her. Send in your questions to [email protected] or post a question on the TFA Facebook or Twitter pages and her answers will be filmed and will feature on the Touch Football Australia (TFA) YouTube page. To keep up-to-date with all of the latest news and information in the lead up to and during the 2011 X-Blades National Youth Championships, go to www.nyc.mytouchfooty.com. Don’t forget to follow Touch Football Australia on Facebook and Twitter by clicking on the following links: www.facebook.com/#!/pages/Touch-Football-Australia/384949403384 www.twitter.com/touchfootyaus Touch Football Australia’s YouTube Channel will also be updated regularly throughout the event with highlights and interviews from the 2011 X-Blades National Youth Championships. To view the Channel, please click on the following link: www.youtube.com/touchfootballaus
Who will win enough games to compete for this?The NFL Draft is dominating today’s news cycle but it’s always a good time to make some College Football Playoff predictions. About five months away from the 2016 season, some of ESPN’s College GameDay crew has done just that. ESPN play-by-play announcer Chris Fowler tweeted out the teams himself, Jesse Palmer, Desmond Howard, Joey Galloway and Kaylee Hartung are picking to make the College Football Playoff. Clemson was the only unanimous selection between the five college football personalities, while seven other teams – Oklahoma, Baylor, Alabama, LSU, Stanford, Tennessee and Houston – were picked by at least one of them. fired up panel @JessePalmerABC @DesmondHoward @Joey_Galloway @KayleeHartung making bold CFB predictions at our sponsor summit tonight! 1/2— Chris Fowler (@cbfowler) April 28, 20162/2 our panel’s consensus CFB playoff pick: @ClemsonFB w/ OU, BAY, ALA, LSU, TENN, STAN, HOU also mentioned by at least one of them.— Chris Fowler (@cbfowler) April 28, 2016Some pretty popular choices, but it’s surprising to see no Big Ten teams on their list. Both Michigan and Ohio State are thought to be preseason top 10 teams and it’s tough to imagine a one-loss Big Ten champion getting left out.Who are you picking?
21Mar House approves Rep. Hughes bill to protect bicyclists on Michigan roads Motorists to maintain a three-foot distance when passing a bicyclistThe Michigan House today approved state Rep. Holly Hughes legislation to require motorists to maintain at least a three-foot distance to increase safety when passing a bicyclist.Over 39 states have some type of provisions in law regarding safe passing of bicyclists.“Requiring motorists to maintain a safe distance while passing a bicyclist ensures safety for both the cyclist and motorist,” said Rep. Hughes, of Montague. “The number of bicycle fatalities is on the rise and this legislation is an attempt to reverse that trend.”According to a report by the Michigan Office of Highway Safety Planning, 38 bicyclists were killed on Michigan roads in 2016. The number is up from 33 fatalities in 2015 and 21 fatalities in 2014.A 2014-15 MDOT study showed that bicycling provides nearly $700 million in economic activity for the state.“Whether they are riders in one of Michigan’s many bike tours, racers, out on a regular group ride or a family riding to get ice cream at one of our hometown ice cream shops, we must do more to protect Michigan bicyclists. This legislation promotes safety and helps to encourage even more people to hop on a bike for exercise, commuting, touring and recreation,” said Hughes.House Bill 4265 now moves to the Senate for consideration.### Categories: Hughes News